Next Article in Journal
Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy Long-Term Outcomes: Early and Late Complications
Previous Article in Journal
Regulation and Clinical Implication of Arginine Vasopressin in Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis Referred to Trans-Catheter Aortic Valve Implantation
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in North-East Poland

1
Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury, 10-561 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Ophthalmology Clinic, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury, 10-561 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(4), 164; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040164
Received: 9 February 2020 / Revised: 18 March 2020 / Accepted: 1 April 2020 / Published: 6 April 2020
Background and Objectives: The global epidemic of diabetes, especially type 2 (DM2), is related to lifestyle changes, obesity, and the process of population aging. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most serious complication of the eye caused by diabetes. The aim of this research was to assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in north-east Poland. Materials and Methods: The eye fundus was assessed on the basis of two-field 50 degrees color fundus photographs that showed the optic nerve and macula in the center after the pupil was dilated with 1% tropicamide. Results: The experimental group included 315 (26%) patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) and 894 (74%) patients with DM2. DM1 patients were diagnosed with DR in 32.58% of cases, with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) in 24.44% of cases, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) in 1.59% of cases, diabetic macular edema (DME) in 5.40% of cases, and PDR with DME in 0.95% of cases. DR was found in DM2 patients in 23.04% of cases, NPDR in 17.11% of cases, PDR in 1.01% of cases, DME in 4.81% of cases, and PDR with DME in 0.11% of cases. Conclusions: The presented study is the first Polish study on the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy presenting a large group of patients, and its results could be extrapolated to the whole country. Diabetic retinopathy was found in 25.48% of patients in the whole experimental group. The above results place Poland within the European average, indicating the quality of diabetic care offered in Poland, based on the number of observed complications. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; microangiopathy; diabetic retinopathy; prevalence diabetes mellitus; microangiopathy; diabetic retinopathy; prevalence
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Matuszewski, W.; Baranowska-Jurkun, A.; Stefanowicz-Rutkowska, M.M.; Modzelewski, R.; Pieczyński, J.; Bandurska-Stankiewicz, E. Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in North-East Poland. Medicina 2020, 56, 164. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040164

AMA Style

Matuszewski W, Baranowska-Jurkun A, Stefanowicz-Rutkowska MM, Modzelewski R, Pieczyński J, Bandurska-Stankiewicz E. Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in North-East Poland. Medicina. 2020; 56(4):164. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matuszewski, Wojciech; Baranowska-Jurkun, Angelika; Stefanowicz-Rutkowska, Magdalena M.; Modzelewski, Robert; Pieczyński, Janusz; Bandurska-Stankiewicz, Elżbieta. 2020. "Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in North-East Poland" Medicina 56, no. 4: 164. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040164

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop