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Open AccessArticle

Clinical and Sonographic Evaluation of Postmenopausal Bleeding (PMB) Followed by Diagnostic and/or Therapeutic Hysteroscopy and Guided Biopsy in Jordanian Hospitals

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Mutah University, al-Karak 61710, Jordan
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Royal Medical Services, Amman 00962, Jordan
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
4
College of Medicine, Mutah University, al-Karak61710, Jordan
5
Department of Pediatric, Ibn-Alhaytham Hospital, Amman 11194, Jordan
6
Department ofOphthalmology, Ibn-Alhaytham Hospital, Amman 11194, Jordan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(4), 147; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040147
Received: 25 February 2020 / Revised: 16 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
Background and Objectives: The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinical sonographic evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) followed by diagnostic and/or therapeutic hysteroscopy and guided biopsy in Jordanian hospitals. Materials and Methods: A retrospective multi-centric study was performed in hospitals in Al-Karak and Amman from 2014–2016. The study recruited 189 cases to evaluate the aetiology of postmenopausal bleeding. Atrophic endometrium was observed as a major cause of postmenopausal bleeding according to histopathology. The cases were also distributed according to parity in which nulliparous patients were observed. Results: Hysteroscopy was observed to be effective for the diagnosis of postmenopausal bleeding. Conclusion: There is a need to assess more approaches for the diagnosis of postmenopausal bleeding among women. View Full-Text
Keywords: bleeding; postmenopausal; sonographic evaluation; women bleeding; postmenopausal; sonographic evaluation; women
MDPI and ACS Style

Omar, A.-A.; Seham, A.; Al-Kharabsheh, A.M.; Alshara, E.; Sindiani, A.M.; Hamdan, O.; Ghoul, I.; Alrawashdeh, H.M. Clinical and Sonographic Evaluation of Postmenopausal Bleeding (PMB) Followed by Diagnostic and/or Therapeutic Hysteroscopy and Guided Biopsy in Jordanian Hospitals. Medicina 2020, 56, 147.

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