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Open AccessArticle

Does Health Professional Counseling Impact the Quality-of-Life Levels of Older Adults Enrolled in Physical Activity Programs?

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Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia 74690-900, Brazil
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Centro de Educação Física e Desportos, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória 29075-910, Brazil
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Colegiado de Educação Física, Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Teixeira de Freitas 45992-255, Brazil
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Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-900, Brazil
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Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Nikaia 18450, Greece
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Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich 8091, Switzerland
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Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, 9001 St. Gallen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(4), 146; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040146 (registering DOI)
Received: 25 January 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2020 / Accepted: 20 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
Background and objectives: There are studies showing that exercise counseled by health professionals can improve physical fitness. However, less is known about the effects of exercise counseling on quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate health-related quality of life of older adults who received or did not receive physical exercise counseling by sport and exercise professionals or physicians. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that investigated quality of life of older adults who did or did not receive exercise counseling from health professionals. Older adults who were physically active took part in this study: 45 participants performed exercise advised by sport and exercise professionals (SEPCG), 19 participants performed exercise advised by physicians (PCG), and 26 participants performed exercise without counseling (NCG). Participants answered the SF-36 to estimate quality of life. Results: Analysis revealed that responses on all SF-36 subscales were higher in those participants who received counseling by sport and exercise professionals (Functioning capacity, β = −26.283, p < 0.001 and β = −26.482, p < 0.001, Role limitations due to physical problems, β = −43.372, p < 0.001 and β = −45.177, p < 0.001, Pain, β = −17.634, p < 0.001 and β = −16.015, p < 0.001, General health perceptions, β = −38.008, p < 0.001 and β = −32.529, p < 0.001, Vitality, β = −18.573, p < 0.001 and β = −16.406, p = 0.001, Social functioning, β = −37.963, p < 0.001 and β = −29.224, p < 0.001, Role limitations due to emotional problems, β = −52.246, p < 0.001 and β = −40.173, p < 0.001, Mental health, β = −17.381, p < 0.001 and β = −12.121, p < 0.001, PCG and NCG respectively). Conclusions: The results showed that those older adults who were counseled by sport and exercise professionals presented better quality of life, possibly because these professionals counseled exercise based on current guidelines for exercise prescription.
Keywords: aging; older people; physical activity; quality of life; exercise aging; older people; physical activity; quality of life; exercise
MDPI and ACS Style

de Lira, C.; Taveira, H.; Rufo-Tavares, W.; Santos, D.; Celini, P.; Oliveira, L.; Andrade, M.; Nikolaidis, P.; Rosemann, T.; Knechtle, B.; Vancini, R. Does Health Professional Counseling Impact the Quality-of-Life Levels of Older Adults Enrolled in Physical Activity Programs? Medicina 2020, 56, 146.

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