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Iranian Medicinal Plants: From Ethnomedicine to Actual Studies

1
Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Master Course in Cosmetic Sciences, University of Ferrara, Via Luigi Borsari 43, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
2
Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran 194193311, Iran
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Cosmetic, Hygienic and Detergent Sciences and Technology Research Center, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran 194193311, Iran
4
Ambrosialab S.r.l. University of Ferrara Spinof Company, Via Mortara 171, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(3), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56030097
Received: 9 January 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2020 / Accepted: 21 February 2020 / Published: 26 February 2020
Iran has a rich and diverse cultural heritage, consisting of a complex traditional medicine deeply rooted in the history of the territory that goes back to the Assyrian and Babylonian civilizations. The ethnomedical practices that can be identifiable nowadays derive from the experience of local people who have developed remedies against a wide range of diseases handing down the knowledge from generation to generation over the millennia. Traditional medicine practices represent an important source of inspiration in the process of the development of new drugs and therapeutic strategies. In this context, it is useful to determine the state of the art of ethnomedical studies, concerning the Iranian territory, and of scientific studies on plants used in traditional Iranian medicine. Data regarding 245 plants used in Iranian ethnomedical practices and scientific studies conducted on 89 plants collected in the Iranian territory have been reported. All of the scientific studies here reported draw inspiration from traditional medicine. The World Health Organization (WHO) has repeatedly called for an intensification of the scientific validation processes of traditional medicines intended as an important contribution to public health in various parts of the world. The process of study and validation of Iranian ethnomedical practices appears to be at an early stage. View Full-Text
Keywords: Iranian traditional medicine; biological activities; pharmaceutical; cosmeceutical; nutriceutical Iranian traditional medicine; biological activities; pharmaceutical; cosmeceutical; nutriceutical
MDPI and ACS Style

Buso, P.; Manfredini, S.; Reza Ahmadi-Ashtiani, H.; Sciabica, S.; Buzzi, R.; Vertuani, S.; Baldisserotto, A. Iranian Medicinal Plants: From Ethnomedicine to Actual Studies. Medicina 2020, 56, 97.

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