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Evaluation of Clinical and Laboratory Characteristics of Children with Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis

Department of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, 34303 Istanbul, Turkey
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Medicina 2019, 55(8), 428; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55080428
Received: 7 June 2019 / Revised: 16 July 2019 / Accepted: 30 July 2019 / Published: 1 August 2019
Background and objective: Tuberculosis (TB) is an important public health problem in both developing and developed countries. Childhood TB is also an important epidemiological indicator in terms of forming the future TB pool. The diagnosis of TB is difficult in children due to the lack of a standard clinical and radiological description. We aimed to evaluate and compare the clinical, laboratory, and radiologic findings of childhood pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB. Material and Methods: The medical records of patients hospitalized with the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) between December 2007 and December 2017 were evaluated retrospectively. Results: There were 163 patients diagnosed with TB with 94 females (57.7%) and 69 males (42.3%). Seventy-three patients (44.8%) had PTB, 71 (43.6%) patients had EPTB, and 19 patients (11.7%) had both PTB and EPTB, called as disseminated TB. Ninety-six (58.9%) patients had tuberculin skin test (TST) positivity and 64 patients (39.3%) had interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) positivity. Acid-resistant bacteria were observed in 34 (20.9%) body fluid samples and culture positivity was observed in 33 (20.2%) samples. Comparison of PTB, EPTB, and disseminated TB revealed that low socioeconomic status, TB contact, and low body weight were more common in disseminated TB, and TST positivity was more common in PTB. Conclusion: Malnutrition, low socioeconomic status, and TB contact were important diagnostic variables in our study and all three parameters were more common in disseminated TB. Tuberculosis should be considered in patients admitted with different complaints and signs in populations with high TB incidence and low socioeconomic status. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; extrapulmonary; pulmonary; tuberculosis children; extrapulmonary; pulmonary; tuberculosis
MDPI and ACS Style

Aygun, D.; Akcakaya, N.; Cokugras, H.; Camcıoglu, Y. Evaluation of Clinical and Laboratory Characteristics of Children with Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis. Medicina 2019, 55, 428.

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