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Open AccessReview

Suicide Risk in Bipolar Disorder: A Brief Review

1,2,*, 1,2 and 1,2,3,4
1
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, 1125 Budapest, Hungary
2
National Institute of Psychiatry and Addictions, Laboratory for Suicide Research and Prevention, 1135 Budapest, Hungary
3
MTA-SE Neuropsychopharmacology, Neurochemistry Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1089 Budapest, Hungary
4
NAP-2-SE New Antidepressant Target Research Group, Hungarian Brain Research Program, Semmelweis University, 1089 Budapest, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(8), 403; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55080403
Received: 19 June 2019 / Revised: 15 July 2019 / Accepted: 23 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Preventing Suicide in Patients with Mental Disorders)
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PDF [296 KB, uploaded 30 July 2019]
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Abstract

Bipolar disorders (BDs) are prevalent mental health illnesses that affect about 1–5% of the total population, have a chronic course and are associated with a markedly elevated premature mortality. One of the contributors for the decreased life expectancy in BD is suicide. Accordingly, the rate of suicide among BD patients is approximately 10–30 times higher than the corresponding rate in the general population. Extant research found that up to 20% of (mostly untreated) BD subjects end their life by suicide, and 20–60% of them attempt suicide at least one in their lifetime. In our paper we briefly recapitulate the current knowledge on the epidemiological aspects of suicide in BD as well as factors associated with suicidal risk in BD. Furthermore, we also discuss concisely the possible means of suicide prevention in BD. View Full-Text
Keywords: bipolar disorder; mood disorders; suicide; suicidal; mortality bipolar disorder; mood disorders; suicide; suicidal; mortality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dome, P.; Rihmer, Z.; Gonda, X. Suicide Risk in Bipolar Disorder: A Brief Review. Medicina 2019, 55, 403.

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