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Analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Children in School Canteens Depending on Selected Sociodemographic Factors

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Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
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Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(7), 397; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55070397
Received: 27 May 2019 / Revised: 10 July 2019 / Accepted: 19 July 2019 / Published: 22 July 2019
Background and Objectives: Eating habits acquired or changed during childhood are likely to track into adulthood. Due to the fact that nutritional behaviours are not so strongly formed among children, it is easier to change and develop them in children than in adults. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of selected sociodemographic factors affecting fruit and vegetable consumption (i.e., age, parents’ body mass index, parents’ level education, duration of breastfeeding, child’s time spent in front of computer/television) among children in school canteens. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 106 participants (52 girls, 54 boys) aged 6–12. The frequency of consuming fruits and vegetables at a school canteen was assessed using bar code cards for two weeks. Body composition estimates were obtained using a foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis, body height was measured using a stadiometer Seca 213. The questionnaire contained questions about selected factors which can have an influence on fruit and vegetable consumption. In the study group, 13.2% of participants were overweight and 17.9% were obese. Results: Our results showed a statistically significant relationship between age and fruit and vegetable consumption, and it increased with age in both sexes. Conclusions: Bearing in mind the various conditions discussed when shaping the eating habits of pre-school- and early-school-aged children, the importance of proper nutritional education should be stressed both among children and parents. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood nutrition; dietary patterns; food environment; food selection; fruit and vegetable childhood nutrition; dietary patterns; food environment; food selection; fruit and vegetable
MDPI and ACS Style

Łuszczki, E.; Sobek, G.; Bartosiewicz, A.; Baran, J.; Weres, A.; Dereń, K.; Mazur, A. Analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Children in School Canteens Depending on Selected Sociodemographic Factors. Medicina 2019, 55, 397.

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Medicina, EISSN 1010-660X, Published by MDPI AG
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