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Relationship between Psychological Distress and Continuous Sedentary Behavior in Healthy Older Adults

1
Shikoku Medical College, Utazu, Kagawa 769-0205, Japan
2
Department of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Miki, Kagawa 761-0793, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(7), 324; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55070324
Received: 3 June 2019 / Revised: 23 June 2019 / Accepted: 28 June 2019 / Published: 30 June 2019
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Abstract

Background: Our purpose is to clarify whether psychological distress (PD) affects the rate of continuous sedentary behavior (CSB). Materials and Methods: In this secondary analysis, a sample population of 80 healthy older adults aged 65 years or older participated in a health club of college A from 2016 to 2017. We conducted Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using the cross-lagged and synchronous effects models. We adopted the following as proxy variables: CSB (based on the ratio of 1.5 METs sessions or more continuing for over 30 min) CSB and PD (based on the Kessler psychological distress scale: K6). Results: “2016 K6” had a significant influence on “2017 CSB” (standardization factor (β) = 0.136, p = 0.020) using the cross-lagged effects model, and “2017 K6” significantly influenced “2017 CSB” (β = 0.166, p = 0.039) using the synchronous effects model. Fit indices were Adjusted Goodness-of-Fit Index (AGFI) = 0.990, Confirmatory Fit Index (CFI) = 1.000, and Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) = 0.000. Conclusion: The results suggest that PD may affect the ratio of CSB one year later. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthy elderly people; psychological distress; sedentary behaviors; structural equation modeling (SEM) healthy elderly people; psychological distress; sedentary behaviors; structural equation modeling (SEM)
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Owari, Y.; Miyatake, N. Relationship between Psychological Distress and Continuous Sedentary Behavior in Healthy Older Adults. Medicina 2019, 55, 324.

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