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Tissue Oxygen Saturation Change on Upper Extremities After Ultrasound-Guided Infraclavicular Brachial Plexus Blockade; Prospective Observational Study

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Harran University Medical Faculty, 63000 Sanliurfa, Turkey
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Medicina 2019, 55(6), 274; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55060274
Received: 16 January 2019 / Revised: 21 February 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
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Abstract

Background and Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) is a reliable and objective method for assessing the adequacy of infraclavicular block and to describe the time course of StO2 changes. Materials and Methods: In this prospective observational study, StO2 was measured in 40 patients planned for elective hand surgery under infraclavicular block. Noninvasive StO2 monitoring was used prior to ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block and during the first 30 min of the blockade. Sensory and motor blocks were evaluated every 5 min followed by pinprick testing and Bromage scale. Results: Preanesthetic median StO2 values of the blocked side and nonblocked side were similar (p = 0.532), whereas the postanesthetic values of the blocked side were higher. At the fifth minute and the following minute, measurements compared to the nonblocked side (p < 0.001). The median StO2 values increased significantly, which increased by 4.5% at 5 min, by another 5.5% at 30 min, and by an average of 1% from 5 to 30 min compared to the baseline values in the blocked side. The responses of the patients to the questions probed in the pinprick test and Bromage scale were fully compatible with the data obtained by the near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) method. Conclusions: StO2 monitoring may provide a useful instrument for rapid evaluation of the success of regional anesthesia in the upper extremity. View Full-Text
Keywords: tissue oxygen saturation; near-infrared spectroscopy; ultrasound; infraclavicular block; regional anesthesia tissue oxygen saturation; near-infrared spectroscopy; ultrasound; infraclavicular block; regional anesthesia
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Karahan, M.A.; Binici, O.; Büyükfırat, E. Tissue Oxygen Saturation Change on Upper Extremities After Ultrasound-Guided Infraclavicular Brachial Plexus Blockade; Prospective Observational Study. Medicina 2019, 55, 274.

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