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Vaspin in Serum and Urine of Post-Partum Women with Excessive Gestational Weight Gain

1
Chair and Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
2
Chair and Department of Obstetrics and Perinatology, Medical University of Lublin, 20-090 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(3), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55030076
Received: 17 February 2019 / Revised: 14 March 2019 / Accepted: 20 March 2019 / Published: 23 March 2019
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Abstract

Background and objectives: Data concerning vaspin in obstetric aspects are limited and conflicting. The aim of the study was to evaluate vaspin concentrations in the serum and urine of women with excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG) in the early post-partum period (i.e., 48 h after delivery), when placental function no longer influences the results. Materials and Methods: The study subjects were divided into two groups of 28 healthy controls and 38 mothers with EGWG. Maternal body composition and hydration status were evaluated by the bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) method. Concentrations of vaspin, fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), leptin, and ghrelin were determined via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Serum vaspin levels were lower in the EGWG group, whereas no significant differences were noted between the groups, with regard to the urine vaspin concentrations. In both studied groups, the serum vaspin concentrations correlated positively with the urine FABP4 levels and negatively with gestational weight gain, body mass index gain in the period from pre-pregnancy to 48 h after delivery (ΔBMI), and fat tissue index (FTI). In the multiple linear regression models, the serum vaspin concentrations were positively dependent on the serum FABP4 levels, as well as negatively dependent on triglycerides, FTI, and ΔBMI. Conclusions: Our study revealed that the EGWG mothers were characterized by significantly lower serum vaspin concentrations in the early post-partum period compared with the subjects that had appropriate gestational weight gain. Our observation supports previous hypotheses that vaspin might be used as a marker of lipid metabolism in pregnancy and maternal adipose tissue. Considering the fact that FABP4 is widely referred to as a pro-inflammatory adipokine, further research on the protective role of vaspin seems crucial, especially in the context of its relationship to FABP4. View Full-Text
Keywords: adipokines; vaspin; leptin; ghrelin; fatty acid-binding protein 4; excessive gestational weight gain; bioelectrical impedance analysis adipokines; vaspin; leptin; ghrelin; fatty acid-binding protein 4; excessive gestational weight gain; bioelectrical impedance analysis
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Trojnar, M.; Patro-Małysza, J.; Kimber-Trojnar, Ż.; Czuba, M.; Mosiewicz, J.; Leszczyńska-Gorzelak, B. Vaspin in Serum and Urine of Post-Partum Women with Excessive Gestational Weight Gain. Medicina 2019, 55, 76.

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