Lung Ultrasound B-lines Occurrence in Relation to Left Ventricular Function and Hydration Status in Hemodialysis Patients
AbstractBackground and objective: Reliable assessment of the fluid status in hemodialysis (HD) patients is often difficult. A lung ultrasound with an assessment of the B-lines (“lung comets” (LCs)) number is a novel hydration status measure. However, the occurrence of left ventricular dysfunction may have a significant effect on pulmonary congestion and further modulate the LC number. The aim of this study was to analyze to what extent left ventricular dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension, and hypervolemia affect the occurrence of LC in a cohort of prevalent HD patients. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study included 108 assessments performed in 54 patients who attended thrice weekly outpatient HD. Each patient’s fluid status was evaluated twice, prior to HD sessions, using echocardiography, LC number assessment, measurement of inferior vena cava (IVC) diameters, and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA). Patients were stratified into three subgroups according to their LC number. Results: There were 76 separate assessments with mild (<14), 16 with moderate (14–30), and 16 with severe (>30) LC occurrence. There was a negative correlation between the LC number and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and positive correlations between the LC number and mitral gradient, and the left and right atrium area and volume, but not with the BIA-derived relative fluid overload. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that the LC number was proportionally related to the mitral gradient (β = 0.407 (0.247–0.567), p < 0.001) and IVC max diameter (β = 0.219 (0.060–0.378), p < 0.01), and was inversely related to LVEF (β = −0.431 (−0.580 to −0.282), p < 0.001). Conclusions: The number of LCs appears to reflect both overhydration and left ventricular dysfunction in our HD patients cohort. Therefore, heart failure must be considered as an important factor limiting the usefulness of LCs number assessment in this population. View Full-Text
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Pardała, A.; Lupa, M.; Chudek, J.; Kolonko, A. Lung Ultrasound B-lines Occurrence in Relation to Left Ventricular Function and Hydration Status in Hemodialysis Patients. Medicina 2019, 55, 45.
Pardała A, Lupa M, Chudek J, Kolonko A. Lung Ultrasound B-lines Occurrence in Relation to Left Ventricular Function and Hydration Status in Hemodialysis Patients. Medicina. 2019; 55(2):45.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pardała, Agnieszka; Lupa, Mariusz; Chudek, Jerzy; Kolonko, Aureliusz. 2019. "Lung Ultrasound B-lines Occurrence in Relation to Left Ventricular Function and Hydration Status in Hemodialysis Patients." Medicina 55, no. 2: 45.
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