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Open AccessArticle

Timing of Decompressive Craniectomy for Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction: A Single-Center Analysis

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul 34371, Turkey
2
Department of Neurology, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul 34371, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(2), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55020031
Received: 25 December 2018 / Revised: 27 January 2019 / Accepted: 28 January 2019 / Published: 30 January 2019
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Abstract

Background and aim: Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI) usually leads to brain edema that may result in transtentorial herniation and brainstem compression. The prognosis of MMCAI is generally poor. The aim of this study was to discuss our experience with surgical decompression for MMCAI, and determine the association between timing of craniectomy and neurological outcomes. Methods: We identified consecutive patients diagnosed with MMCAI who underwent decompressive craniectomy (DC). Clinical and demographic data were obtained from electronic medical records, including: age, sex, preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, surgery timing, postoperative GCS scores, and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores. Results: This study included 27 stroke patients (aged 38–80 years) operated within 72 h of the onset of neurological symptoms. Sixteen, five, and six patients underwent DC within 24 h, between 24 and 48 h, and after 48 h after onset of symptoms, respectively. Five patients died after the surgery. Patients who underwent DC within 24 h and 24–48 h had better mean GCS scores than those who underwent DC after 48 h (p = 0.000, p = 0.015). In addition, patients who underwent DC within 24 h had better mean postoperative mRS scores (p = 0.000) than other patients. Patients older than 60 years had significantly lower GCS scores (p = 0.027) and higher mRS scores (p = 0.033) than younger patients. Conclusion: Our findings support that DC had satisfying outcomes in patients who underwent DC within 24 h. Older age and lower Glasgow Coma Scale scores among DC patients with MMCAI are associated with high morbidity and mortality. View Full-Text
Keywords: acute cerebral ischemia; decompressive craniectomy; malignant middle cerebral artery infarction; outcomes acute cerebral ischemia; decompressive craniectomy; malignant middle cerebral artery infarction; outcomes
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Kilic, M.; Ertem, D.H.; Ozdemir, B. Timing of Decompressive Craniectomy for Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction: A Single-Center Analysis. Medicina 2019, 55, 31.

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