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Translation, Cultural, and Clinical Validation of the Lithuanian Version of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire among Hospitalized Cancer Patients

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Faculty of Nursing, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, A. Mickevičiaus str. 9, LT44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Faculty of Public Health, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, A. Mickevičiaus str. 9, LT44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Faculty of Medicine, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, A. Mickevičiaus str. 9, LT44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Professorship Quality of Life, Spirituality and Coping, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Gerhard Kienle Weg 4, 58313 Herdecke, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(11), 738; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55110738
Received: 11 October 2019 / Revised: 8 November 2019 / Accepted: 11 November 2019 / Published: 14 November 2019
Background and Objectives: The aim was to translate and validate the spiritual needs questionnaire for its use in the Lithuanian context. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was applied. Structural individual interview method (face-to-face) was employed to collect data on spiritual needs of cancer patients. Responses were obtained from 247 patients hospitalized in nursing and supportive treatment units at public hospitals. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics) version 22.0. To assess the psychometric properties of the scale, Cronbach’s alpha, split half test, average inter-item, and item-total correlations were calculated for internal consistency. Exploratory factor analysis was used to confirm the construct validity of the translated version of instrument. Results: Lithuanian version of The Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (27 items) had a good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.94). The existential and connectedness with family needs factor had the lowest Cronbach’s alpha (0.71) in relation to other factors: Religious needs (0.93), giving/generativity and forgiveness needs (0.88), and inner peace needs (0.74). Split-half test showed strong relationship between the both halves of the test. The item difficulty (1.47 (mean value)/3) was 0.49; while all values were in acceptable range from 0.20 to 0.80. Item-total correlations were inspected for the items in each of the four SpNQ-27 factors. Conclusions: The Lithuanian version of Spiritual needs questionnaire demonstrated adequate psychometric properties of the instrument. This instrument, as a screening tool and conversational model, is recommended for clinicians in health care practice to identify patients with spiritual needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer patients; Lithuania; psychometrics; spiritual needs; translation cancer patients; Lithuania; psychometrics; spiritual needs; translation
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Riklikienė, O.; Spirgienė, L.; Kaselienė, S.; Luneckaitė, Ž.; Tomkevičiūtė, J.; Büssing, A. Translation, Cultural, and Clinical Validation of the Lithuanian Version of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire among Hospitalized Cancer Patients. Medicina 2019, 55, 738.

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