Background and Objectives:
Corneal neovasculariziation (CNV) is a serious vision-threatening complication; however, all therapeutics have their clinical limitations. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of topical rivoceranib compared with topical bevacizumab in a murine model of corneal neovascularization (CNV). Materials and Methods:
Murine CNV was induced by means of total de-epithelization and alkali burn. Mice were divided into five groups according to topical treatment: untreated control, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), 0.1% and 0.5% rivoceranib, and 0.5% bevacizumab. CNV area and index were measured 7 and 14 days after treatment. After corneal tissues were excised at day 14, the blood and lymphatic vessels were quantified by cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) and lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1 (LYVE1) immunofluorescence, respectively. Results:
After 14 days, treatment groups with 0.1% and 0.5% rivoceranib and 0.5% bevacizumab showed a decrease in CNV area and index compared with the untreated and PBS groups (all p
< 0.01). Blood and lymphatic vascularization significantly decreased in the 0.5% rivoceranib and 0.5% bevacizumab groups, as measured by CD31 and LYVE1 immunofluorescence. There was no significant difference of vascularization between the 0.5% rivoceranib and bevacizumab groups. Conclusions:
Topical application of rivoceranib could effectively decrease CNV equivalent to topical bevacizumab in a murine model.
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