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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Socio-Economic and Home Environmental Factors on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life Among Children Aged 11–14

1
Arab American University of Palestine, Ramallah 600, Palestine
2
King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, and Ministry of National Guard-Health Affairs (MNG-HA), Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia
3
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
4
Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(11), 722; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55110722
Received: 3 October 2019 / Accepted: 14 October 2019 / Published: 31 October 2019
Background and Objectives: Oral diseases are known to negatively impact physical, functional, and emotional well-being, and thus adversely affect quality of life. The aims of the study were (1) to assess the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and (2) to explore socio-demographic, -economic, and -environmental factors that are associated with OHRQoL among a sample of children aged 11–14 in Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional design was used. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ)—a self-administered, validated, and standardized questionnaire was used to collect data on OHRQoL in four domains: oral symptoms, functional limitations, and emotional and social well-being. In addition, data were collected on home environment, socioeconomic/demographic characteristics, and oral hygiene practices of participants and their parents or adult guardians. Univariate descriptive statistics, Spearman’s correlation, and Kruskal–Wallis H and Mann–Whitney tests were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS 23 Software. Significance was set at α = 0.05. Results: In total, 534 children participated in the study (91% response rate), of which 60% were females. Twenty percent of children described their oral health as “poor” and one in every four children reported that their oral health had at least some effect on their overall well-being. Children who were male, attending public schools, and living with both parents were more likely to report poor OHRQoL. Conclusions: A considerable proportion of children aged 11–14 could discern that their oral health had some effect on their overall well-being. The results identified potential predictors of OHRQoL. Disparities in OHRQoL exist among certain sub-populations. Active efforts and local interventions are necessary to improve OHRQoL. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral health; health-related quality of life; HRQoL; adolescent/children; Saudi Arabia oral health; health-related quality of life; HRQoL; adolescent/children; Saudi Arabia
MDPI and ACS Style

Najjar, S.; Nasim, M.; Al-Nasser, L.; Masuadi, E. The Impact of Socio-Economic and Home Environmental Factors on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life Among Children Aged 11–14. Medicina 2019, 55, 722.

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