Next Article in Journal
Polymorphisms of Proinflammatory Cytokines in Relation to APOE Epsilon 4 and Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease in the Lithuanian Population
Previous Article in Journal
Epidemiology of Heart Disease of Uncertain Etiology: A Population Study and Review of the Problem
Open AccessArticle

Screen Use During Meals Among Young Children: Exploration of Associated Variables

1
Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, Vilnius University, LT-01513 Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Clinic of Children’s Diseases, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, LT-08406 Vilnius, Lithuania
3
Pediatric Neurology Department, Children’s Hospital, Affiliate of Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Clinics, LT-08406 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(10), 688; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55100688
Received: 17 July 2019 / Revised: 8 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 14 October 2019
Background and Objectives: There is evidence that eating meals or snacks while watching TV is an obesogenic factor. Moreover, the patterns of TV and other screen use during meals begin early and persist. However, there are only a few studies to date which address the prevalence and predictors of young children’s exposure to screen during mealtimes. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and the associated factors of screen use during meals in early childhood. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted in Lithuania. Data of 847 children aged 2 to 5 years old (51.5% boys) were analyzed in this study. Parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL/1½-5) and reported their children’s daily screen time, exposure to background TV, screen use during child’s meals, child and parental height and weight, and sociodemographic data. Results: More than half of children were exposed to screen during meals: 33.7% occasionally, several times per week or per month, and 22%—daily or during every meal. Overall daily screen time, background TV, consumption of junk food, child age, and emotional and behavioral problems were related to mealtime screen use (all associations significant at p < 0.01). Longer daily screen time (OR 1.01; 95% CI 1.00–1.01), more background TV (OR 1.26; 95% CI 1.10–1.45), and elder child age (OR 1.02; 95% CI 1.00–1.03) were significant predictors of occasional use of screen during meals. Also, longer daily screen time (OR 0.99; 95% CI 0.98–0.99), background TV (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.66–0.91) together with no siblings’ status of a child (OR 0.42; 95% CI 0.25–0.69) increased the probability that children were fed in front of screens daily. Conclusions: This study confirmed the unfavorable associations among screen use during meals, daily screen time and junk food consumption in early childhood. In addition, first-time parents should get particular health providers’ attention as they are more likely to use screens during child’s mealtime. View Full-Text
Keywords: screen time; children; eating habits; emotional and behavioral problems; body mass index screen time; children; eating habits; emotional and behavioral problems; body mass index
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jusienė, R.; Urbonas, V.; Laurinaitytė, I.; Rakickienė, L.; Breidokienė, R.; Kuzminskaitė, M.; Praninskienė, R. Screen Use During Meals Among Young Children: Exploration of Associated Variables. Medicina 2019, 55, 688.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop