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Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Road Traffic Accidents in Turkey between 2013 and 2017

1
Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Hitit University, Çorum 19000, Turkey
2
Forensic Sciences, Department of Forensic Sciences, School of Medicine, Hitit University, Çorum 19000, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(10), 679; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55100679
Received: 27 August 2019 / Revised: 19 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trauma care)
Background and objectives: Road traffic accident (RTAs) is one of the top ten leading causes of death worldwide and its incidence is higher in developing countries. In this study, our aim was to determine the characteristics of RTAs in Turkey and make recommendations to reduce mortality and morbidity related to RTAs. Material and Methods: We obtained our data, which cover the years 2013 to 2017, from the database accessible at the official website of the Turkish Statistical Institute, which permits the use of its data for research purposes. The chi-square test was used for statistical analysis, and the percentage distribution and odds ratios were calculated. Results: In the study period, a total of 697,957 RTAs occurred in Turkey. A total of 1,168,121 individuals have been wounded and 3534 of them have lost their lives. The majority of RTAs occurred on weekends and in summer months. Male individuals are more likely to be exposed to death and injuries related to accidents. When the vehicle type is considered, motorcycle drivers are under more risk for RTAs. RTAs are more likely to occur in rural areas. Conclusion: Male individuals and motorcyclists are under a great risk for RTAs. Strict laws are mandatory in order to reduce morbidity and mortality related to RTAs. Additionally, educational efforts must focus on two-wheelers and tractor drivers, particularly in developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: Road traffic injury; trauma; mortality Road traffic injury; trauma; mortality
MDPI and ACS Style

Erenler, A.K.; Gümüş, B. Analysis of Road Traffic Accidents in Turkey between 2013 and 2017. Medicina 2019, 55, 679.

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