Next Article in Journal
Upregulated Expression of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor, Its Analogue D-Dopachrome Tautomerase, and the CD44 Receptor in Peripheral CD4 T Cells from Clinically Isolated Syndrome Patients with Rapid Conversion to Clinical Defined Multiple Sclerosis
Previous Article in Journal
Prevalence of Low Energy Availability in Competitively Trained Male Endurance Athletes
Open AccessArticle

Factors Influencing Quality of Life during the First Trimester of Pregnancy: A Prospective Cohort Study

1
Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, 03101 Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vilnius University Hospital “Santaros Klinikos”, 08410 Vilnius, Lithuania
3
Center of Abdominal Surgery, Vilnius University Hospital “Santaros Klinikos”, 08410 Vilnius, Lithuania
4
Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Vilnius University, 03225 Vilnius, Lithuania,
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(10), 666; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55100666
Received: 4 September 2019 / Revised: 19 September 2019 / Accepted: 23 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Introduction: Pregnancy, delivery and postpartum periods are associated with fast changes leading to decreased self-confidence, anxiety, stress or even maternal depression impairing their quality of life (QOL). Although considered important, QOL of women during pregnancy is poorly understood. The aim of our study was to assess factors influencing QOL during first trimester of pregnancy. The secondary goal of our study was to evaluate whether QOL during first trimester of pregnancy is associated with newborn weight. Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study was performed including pregnant women during the first trimester visit. Our questionnaire consisted of the SF-36 QOL questionnaire, Wexner fecal incontinence scale, and other additional information. The SF-36 questionnaire mental (MCS) and physical (PCS) health scores were used in order to evaluate QOL of women during first trimester of pregnancy. Two multiple logistic regression models were created in order to determine independent variables that influence the QOL. Results: 440 pregnant women were included in the study. The two main domains that were used in the study were MCS and PCS, their medians were 50.0 (25.0; 50.0) and 50.1 (39.4; 59.0) points respectively. From the two logistic regression models we determined several independent factors that influence QOL of women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Additionally, we determined that women who reported worse QOL tended to give birth to newborns large for their gestational age. Conclusions: We found several significant variables that influence QOL of women during the first trimester of pregnancy. We also found that that lower MCS and PCS scores during the first trimester are associated with newborns large for gestational age. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; first trimester; pregnancy; prospective study; risk quality of life; first trimester; pregnancy; prospective study; risk
MDPI and ACS Style

Jakubauskiene, L.; Jakubauskas, M.; Mainelis, A.; Buzinskiene, D.; Drasutiene, G.; Ramasauskaite, D.; Poskus, T. Factors Influencing Quality of Life during the First Trimester of Pregnancy: A Prospective Cohort Study. Medicina 2019, 55, 666.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop