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Formaldehyde Exposure and Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Review of the Literature

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Division of Hematology, Department of Human Pathology in Adulthood and Childhood, University of Messina, 98122 Messina, Italy
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Department of Environmental Science, Safety, Territory, Food and Health, University of Messina, 98122 Messina, Italy
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Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences (DIMEC), University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
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Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, 98122 Messina, Italy
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School and Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University Hospital “G. Martino”, Via Consolare Valeria SNC, 98125 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(10), 638; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55100638
Received: 20 June 2019 / Revised: 6 September 2019 / Accepted: 20 September 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
Background and objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations between cumulative and peak formaldehyde exposure and occurrence of acute myeloid leukemia. Material and Methods: A comprehensive search was performed using the PubMed and Embase databases. We included studies presenting information about the role of formaldehyde in leukemic occurrence and mortality risk. Then, full texts of the selected references were assessed, and references of included studies were checked to identify additional articles. Result: The information was then summarized and organized in the present review. A total of 81 articles were obtained from the search. Conclusion: Findings from the review of the literature do not support the hypothesis that formaldehyde is a cause of acute myeloid leukemia. View Full-Text
Keywords: formaldehyde; acute myeloid leukemia; occupational exposure; cancer; carcinogenesis formaldehyde; acute myeloid leukemia; occupational exposure; cancer; carcinogenesis
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Allegra, A.; Spatari, G.; Mattioli, S.; Curti, S.; Innao, V.; Ettari, R.; Allegra, A.G.; Giorgianni, C.; Gangemi, S.; Musolino, C. Formaldehyde Exposure and Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Review of the Literature. Medicina 2019, 55, 638.

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