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Are Preoperative CT Findings Useful for Predicting Postoperative Intraabdominal Abscess in the Patients with Acute Appendicitis?

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Division of Surgery, Fujinomiya City General Hospital, Nishiki-cho, Fujinomiya, Shizuoka 4180076, Japan
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Division of Radiology, Fujinomiya City General Hospital, Nishiki-cho, Fujinomiya, Shizuoka 4180076, Japan
3
Division of Pathology, Fujinomiya City General Hospital, Nishiki-cho, Fujinomiya, Shizuoka 4180076, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55010006
Received: 29 September 2018 / Revised: 28 December 2018 / Accepted: 31 December 2018 / Published: 4 January 2019
Background and objective: In patients with acute appendicitis (AA), preoperative computed tomography (CT) findings suggesting development of intraabdominal abscess (IAA) had not been widely used. The aim of this study was to investigate the preoperative clinical and radiological factors that predict the development of a postoperative IAA in patients with AA who were treated by laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). Methods: Two hundred and sixteen patients with pathologically proven AA underwent LA between January 2013 and March 2018 in our department. Medical records and preoperative CT images of these 216 patients were retrospectively reviewed and the predictive factors of postoperative IAA were investigated. In addition, patients were divided into complicated appendicitis (CA) and simple appendicitis (SA) and perioperative factors of two groups were compared. Results: One hundred and forty-seven patients were diagnosed with CA, while the other 69 patients were diagnosed with SA. Sixteen patients developed postoperative IAA in the CA group, while no patients in the SA group did. The univariate analysis revealed that time from onset to surgery more than 3 days (p = 0.011), the preoperative CT finding of periappendiceal fluid (p = 0.003), abscess (p < 0.001), and free air (p < 0.001), operation time more than 120 min (p = 0.023) and placement of a drainage tube (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with the development of IAA. Multivariate analysis revealed that the preoperative CT finding of free air was independently associated with the development of IAA (p = 0.007, odds ratio = 5.427, 95% CI: 1.586–18.57). Conclusions: IAA developed predominantly in patients with CA. Preoperative CT findings of free air was found to be an independent predictor for the development of IAA. Surgeons should be meticulous in managing the postoperative course of patients with this finding. View Full-Text
Keywords: acute appendicitis; complicated appendicitis; laparoscopic appendectomy; intraabdominal abscess acute appendicitis; complicated appendicitis; laparoscopic appendectomy; intraabdominal abscess
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Kohga, A.; Yajima, K.; Okumura, T.; Yamashita, K.; Isogaki, J.; Suzuki, K.; Muramatsu, K.; Komiyama, A.; Kawabe, A. Are Preoperative CT Findings Useful for Predicting Postoperative Intraabdominal Abscess in the Patients with Acute Appendicitis? Medicina 2019, 55, 6.

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