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Effects of Zumba® and Aquagym on Bone Mass in Inactive Middle-Aged Women

University of Castilla-La Mancha, IGOID Research Group, 45071 Toledo, Spain
European University, School of Sport Sciences, 28670 Madrid, Spain
University of Castilla-La Mancha, GENUD Toledo Research Group, 45071 Toledo, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(1), 23;
Received: 20 November 2018 / Revised: 22 December 2018 / Accepted: 22 December 2018 / Published: 21 January 2019
PDF [317 KB, uploaded 22 January 2019]


Background and objectives: Regular exercise may stimulate bone formation and reduce the loss of bone mass in premenopausal women. This study aims to evaluate the effect of high-impact physical activity (Zumba®) and low-impact physical activity (Aquagym) on bone mass in inactive middle-aged women. Materials and methods: Fifty-five healthy inactive women (30–50 years old) were recruited in Spain in 2016 and were randomly allocated into one of three groups: High impact group (HIG: n = 15), low impact group (LIG: n = 12) and control group (CG: n = 28). HIG and LIG were recruited from Madrid and the CG from Toledo. HIG and LIG completed a 12-week intervention program with three 40′ sessions per week of Zumba® or Aquagym; respectively. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measured bone mineral content (BMC) and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) at total body less head (TBLH), lumbar spine and right hip. Results: Post-intervention adjusted data showed no significant differences in BMC between any of the groups nor in aBMD between HIG and LIG. Interestingly; significant differences for the HIG vs. CG were found in the change in total hip aBMD (1.76% vs. −0.44%), femoral neck aBMD (1.80% vs. −2.71%), and intertrochanter aBMD (2.03% vs. −0.50%). Moreover, significant differences for the LIG vs. CG were also found in the change in femoral neck aBMD (−0.54% vs. −2.71%). Conclusions: The regular practice of Zumba® and Aquagym might reduce the progressive deterioration of bone mass in inactive middle-aged women View Full-Text
Keywords: bone mineral content; bone mineral density; DXA; osteoporosis; physical activity bone mineral content; bone mineral density; DXA; osteoporosis; physical activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Ubago-Guisado, E.; Sánchez-Sánchez, J.; Vila-Maldonado, S.; Gallardo, L. Effects of Zumba® and Aquagym on Bone Mass in Inactive Middle-Aged Women. Medicina 2019, 55, 23.

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