Effects of Zumba® and Aquagym on Bone Mass in Inactive Middle-Aged Women
AbstractBackground and objectives: Regular exercise may stimulate bone formation and reduce the loss of bone mass in premenopausal women. This study aims to evaluate the effect of high-impact physical activity (Zumba®) and low-impact physical activity (Aquagym) on bone mass in inactive middle-aged women. Materials and methods: Fifty-five healthy inactive women (30–50 years old) were recruited in Spain in 2016 and were randomly allocated into one of three groups: High impact group (HIG: n = 15), low impact group (LIG: n = 12) and control group (CG: n = 28). HIG and LIG were recruited from Madrid and the CG from Toledo. HIG and LIG completed a 12-week intervention program with three 40′ sessions per week of Zumba® or Aquagym; respectively. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measured bone mineral content (BMC) and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) at total body less head (TBLH), lumbar spine and right hip. Results: Post-intervention adjusted data showed no significant differences in BMC between any of the groups nor in aBMD between HIG and LIG. Interestingly; significant differences for the HIG vs. CG were found in the change in total hip aBMD (1.76% vs. −0.44%), femoral neck aBMD (1.80% vs. −2.71%), and intertrochanter aBMD (2.03% vs. −0.50%). Moreover, significant differences for the LIG vs. CG were also found in the change in femoral neck aBMD (−0.54% vs. −2.71%). Conclusions: The regular practice of Zumba® and Aquagym might reduce the progressive deterioration of bone mass in inactive middle-aged women View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ubago-Guisado, E.; Sánchez-Sánchez, J.; Vila-Maldonado, S.; Gallardo, L. Effects of Zumba® and Aquagym on Bone Mass in Inactive Middle-Aged Women. Medicina 2019, 55, 23.
Ubago-Guisado E, Sánchez-Sánchez J, Vila-Maldonado S, Gallardo L. Effects of Zumba® and Aquagym on Bone Mass in Inactive Middle-Aged Women. Medicina. 2019; 55(1):23.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ubago-Guisado, Esther; Sánchez-Sánchez, Javier; Vila-Maldonado, Sara; Gallardo, Leonor. 2019. "Effects of Zumba® and Aquagym on Bone Mass in Inactive Middle-Aged Women." Medicina 55, no. 1: 23.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.