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Open AccessArticle

Awareness, Attitudes, and Practices Toward Meningococcal B Vaccine among Pediatricians in Italy

Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 5, Via Luciano Armanni, 80138 Naples, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2018, 54(6), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina54060100
Received: 27 September 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 3 December 2018
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Abstract

Background and objectives: Vaccination against bacterial pathogens is decisive for preventing invasive meningococcal disease and pediatricians play a pivotal role in vaccination compliance and coverage. The aim of this study was to investigate awareness, attitude, and practices toward the vaccine against Meningococcal B serogroup (4CMenB) among a sample of Italian pediatricians. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using an online questionnaire from March to May 2015. Three multivariate logistic regression models were built to identify factors associated with the outcomes of interest. Results: The data showed that 95.5% of the interviewees correctly responded about the availability of 4CMenB vaccine in Italy, while only 28.0% knew the vaccination schedule for children aged two years or under. This knowledge was significantly higher in younger pediatricians and in those who worked a higher number of hours per week. Pediatricians self-reported a positive attitude toward the utility and safety of 4CMenB vaccine. Those pediatricians with a strong positive attitude toward the utility of the vaccine, who knew the vaccination schedules for children of two years or under, and who declared a satisfactory or good knowledge about the vaccine were more likely to inform parents about its availability in Italy, recommend the vaccination, and verify patients’ vaccination status, in their daily practice. Conclusions: The study highlights factors that currently influence pediatricians’ practices regarding the 4CMenB vaccine. The results showed the possible actions recommended to improve physicians’ awareness and behaviors in order to improve the vaccination compliance and invasive meningococcal diseases prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: Italian Vaccine Action Plan; meningococcal B vaccine; MenB vaccine; meningitis prevention; pediatricians’ attitudes Italian Vaccine Action Plan; meningococcal B vaccine; MenB vaccine; meningitis prevention; pediatricians’ attitudes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ferrara, P.; Stromillo, L.; Albano, L. Awareness, Attitudes, and Practices Toward Meningococcal B Vaccine among Pediatricians in Italy. Medicina 2018, 54, 100.

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