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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
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Medicina 2017, 53(6), 357-364; (registering DOI)

Fetal biometry: Relevance in obstetrical practice

Vilnius Maternity Hospital, Vilnius, Lithuania
Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
Department of Human and Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
Department of Obstetrics, Zurich University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 May 2016 / Revised: 19 March 2017 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
PDF [1412 KB, uploaded 27 March 2018]


Ultrasound imaging in obstetrics and gynecology dates back to 1958 when The Lancet published the first article about the use of ultrasonography for fetal and gynecological assessments. It is now almost inconceivable, 60 years later, to think of effective performance in obstetrics and gynecology without the variety of ultrasound, for example, real time imaging, power and color Doppler, 3D/4D ultrasonography, etc. Such examinations facilitate the assessment of intrauterine fetal growth and development during pregnancy, provide alerts about the risk of pre-eclampsia and preterm birth, help identify anatomic reasons for infertility, diagnose ectopic pregnancies, uterine, ovary and tubal pathology. Ultrasonogra- phy is also used for diagnostic and treatment procedures during pregnancy or for the treatment of infertility. This article is an overview of the development of fetal ultrasound, the methodology and interpretation of ultrasound in the assessment of intrauterine fetal growth and fetal biometry standards both worldwide and in Lithuania.
Keywords: Fetal biometry; Ultrasound; Intrauterine growth restriction Fetal biometry; Ultrasound; Intrauterine growth restriction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Žaliūnas, B.; Bartkevičienė, D.; Drąsutienė, G.; Utkus, A.; Kurmanavičius, J. Fetal biometry: Relevance in obstetrical practice. Medicina 2017, 53, 357-364.

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