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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle
Medicina 2017, 53(4), 277-284; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medici.2017.05.008 (registering DOI)

Psychological and physical well-being of Lithuanian youth: Relation to emotional intelligence

1
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Public Health, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Department of Philosophy and Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 September 2015 / Revised: 21 January 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2017 / Published: 5 August 2017
PDF [398 KB, uploaded 27 February 2018]

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this article is to unveil the ways in which the emotional intelli- gence (EI) of a young person is linked with subjective assessment of physical state, depressiveness, anxiety, and psychological well-being, as well as to determine whether these factors are reliable predictors of EI constituents.
Materials and methods: The study was conducted using an original EI test (EI-DARL-V1/V2), which consisted of a traditional 73-item questionnaire; tasks of emotional, social and interpersonal situations; and identification of emotions in facial expressions (pictures). Questionnaire items were multiplexed into 5 subscales using multi-step factor analysis. Special questionnaires were devised and presented to participants together with the EI questionnaire in order to assess subjective assessment of physical and mental health, depressiveness, anxiety, and psychological well-being. There were 1430 participants from various regions of Lithuania who participated in the study. The age of participants varied from 17 to 27 years.
Results: Established inverse linear correlation showed that those participants who experi- enced certain somatic symptoms or unpleasant psychological states had lower EI; a particularly strong correlation was observed between poor subjective assessment of health and understanding and control of one's own emotions. Depressed and anxious participants possessed poorer understanding and ability to regulate emotions of others as well as their own. Also, these participants performed worse when resolving emotional, social, and interpersonal situations. A direct relationship between EI and psychological well-being was established according to three EI indexes i.e. (a) understanding of own emotions; (b) understanding of emotions of other people; (c) control of emotions of others. As perception of psychological well-being increased, participants were able to understand emotions of others better and demonstrated even better ability to understand and control their own emotions. The study failed to determine whether emotion recognition from non-verbal signs (face pictures) was related to at least one of the previously mentioned indexes.
Conclusions: The study revealed that the factors such as subjective assessment of physical and mental health, depressiveness, anxiety, and psychological well-being were reliable predictors of certain EI indexes.
Keywords: Emotional intelligence; Subjective health assessment; Depressiveness; Anxiety; Psychological well-being Emotional intelligence; Subjective health assessment; Depressiveness; Anxiety; Psychological well-being
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (CC BY-NC-ND) (CC BY-NC-ND).

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Antinienė, D.; Lekavičienė, R. Psychological and physical well-being of Lithuanian youth: Relation to emotional intelligence. Medicina 2017, 53, 277-284.

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