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Bilateral cleft foot: Radiographic and prenatal ultrasound features of two siblings with a review of literature

1
Department of Radiology, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey
2
Department of Radiology, Medicine Faculty, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
3
Department of Radiology, Medicine Faculty, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey
4
Department of Radiology, Medicine Faculty, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2016, 52(4), 257-261; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medici.2016.07.003
Received: 26 January 2016 / Revised: 29 May 2016 / Accepted: 12 July 2016 / Published: 26 July 2016
Cleft foot deformity, also known as ectrodactyly, is a rare congenital developmental defect of extremities caused by malformation in continuity of apical ectoderm. The syndrome typically involves malformation or absence of the central rays of the feet and is character- ized by deformities like median deep clefts of distal extremities. Routine examination of feet during second-trimester ultrasound (US) may increase the detection rates of foot malformations. Many malformations can be diagnosed with 2-dimensional (2D) US, but 3-dimensional (3D) US also helps better understanding of the foot malformations. In the present study, we report the case of two brothers (a fetus and a 5-year-old) with cleft foot deformity. 2D and 3D second trimester US findings of one case and the foot radiography findings of the other are presented here.
Keywords: Cleft foot malformation; Fetal foot; Obstetric ultrasound; Prenatal diagnosis Cleft foot malformation; Fetal foot; Obstetric ultrasound; Prenatal diagnosis
MDPI and ACS Style

Durmaz, M.S.; Demirtaş, H.; Hattapoğlu, S.; Kara, T.; Göya, C.; Adin, M.E. Bilateral cleft foot: Radiographic and prenatal ultrasound features of two siblings with a review of literature. Medicina 2016, 52, 257-261.

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