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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
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Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Lithuania – Still a long way ahead

1
Department of Pulmonology and Immunology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2016, 52(2), 69-78; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medici.2016.02.002
Received: 30 July 2015 / Revised: 1 February 2016 / Accepted: 13 February 2016 / Published: 3 March 2016
Despite the recent advances in the diagnosis of tuberculosis, treatment of the disease, for the most part, remains the same as it was half a century ago. In recent years only two new antituberculosis drugs have been approved by the European Medicines Agency and Food and Drug Administration. Though the prevalence of this disease is slowly decreasing all over Europe, new challenges appear. One of them is multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). This problem is especially prominent in Lithuania, which is one of the 27 high MDR-TB burden countries in the world and falls behind neighboring countries in terms of the prevalence of the disease. The objective of this paper was to review the situation of tuberculosis and MDR-TB in Lithuania, and current available methods of treatment, control and diagnosis of this disease.
Keywords: Tuberculosis; Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis; Anti-tuberculosis drugs Tuberculosis; Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis; Anti-tuberculosis drugs
MDPI and ACS Style

Musteikienė, G.; Miliauskas, S.; Sakalauskas, R.; Vitkauskienė, A.; Žemaitis, M. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Lithuania – Still a long way ahead. Medicina 2016, 52, 69-78.

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