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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Early sport practice is related to lower prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes in adults independently of overweight and current physical activity

1
Laboratory of Cardiovascular Physiology and Physical activity, Institute of Bioscience, Sao Paulo State University, Rio Claro, Brazil
2
Laboratory of Investigation in Exercise, Department of Physical Education, School of Science and Technology, Sao Paulo State University, Presidente Prudente, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2015, 51(6), 336-342; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medici.2015.10.003
Received: 10 October 2014 / Accepted: 22 October 2015 / Published: 17 November 2015
Background and objective: Early sport practice prevents development of diseases in children/ adolescents, but still unclear its effect over health in adulthood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the association between sport practice in early life and chronic diseases in adulthood.
Materials and methods: A retrospective population-based survey carried out in eight Brazilian cities with adults of both genders. Throughout a multistage random process 2720 adults (1096 male and 1624 female) were selected and interviewed. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension were assessed in a face-to-face interview through a self-report, which was necessarily based on previous medical diagnosis. Early sport practice was assessed in childhood (7–10 years old) and adolescence (11–17 years old). Current physical activity and body mass index were assessed in adulthood throughout a face-to-face interview.
Results: Type 2 diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension were identified in 8.1% (95% CI, 7.1–9.2) and 23.5% (95% CI, 21.9–25.1) of the sample, respectively. Early sport practice during childhood and adolescence was associated with lower occurrence of arterial hypertension (OR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.33–0.73) and type 2 diabetes (OR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.24–0.88) in adulthood.
Conclusions: Independently of obesity and current physical activity, early sport practice in early life was positively associated with lower occurrence of chronic diseases in adulthood.
Keywords: Adolescents; Epidemiology; Sport medicine; Metabolism Adolescents; Epidemiology; Sport medicine; Metabolism
MDPI and ACS Style

Fernandes, R.A.; Zanesco, A. Early sport practice is related to lower prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes in adults independently of overweight and current physical activity. Medicina 2015, 51, 336-342.

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