Evaluation of vitamin D levels in allergic and non-allergic asthma
Materials and methods: The study population comprised 85 patients with asthma and 73 healthy persons. Patients with asthma were divided into groups according to phenotypes. Allergy was assessed using a skin prick test and measuring eosinophil count in peripheral blood and total IgE in serum. Lung function was evaluated by spirometry. Concentration of vitamin D (25(OH)D3) was measured using a commercial ELISA kit. Smoking history was assessed and BMI was calculated for all individuals.
Results: The vitamin D level was lower in asthmatics than in the control group (14.36 ± 0.57 vs. 22.13 ± 0.84 ng/mL, P < 0.01). There were no significant differences in the vitamin D level between the groups with allergic and non-allergic asthma (14.36 ± 0.77 vs. 14.35 ± 0.74 ng/ mL). The low vitamin D level increased the risk of asthma 1.2 times (OR, 1.194; 95% CI, 1.109– 1.286, P < 0.01). The vitamin D level did not correlate with lung function and markers of allergy in asthmatic patients. The vitamin D level correlated with FEV1/FVC (rs = 0.72, P < 0.05) in smoking patients with asthma. Correlation between the vitamin D level and BMI was found in all studied subjects (rs = −0.18, P < 0.05).
Conclusions: The vitamin D level was lower in asthmatic patients than in healthy individuals despite their hypersensitivity and increase risk of asthma. There was no relation between the vitamin D level and lung function, eosinophil count and total IgE level, whereas the lower vitamin D level was associated with higher BMI.
Tamašauskienė, L.; Gasiūnienė, E.; Lavinskienė, S.; Sakalauskas, R.; Šitkauskienė, B. Evaluation of vitamin D levels in allergic and non-allergic asthma. Medicina 2015, 51, 321-327.
Tamašauskienė L, Gasiūnienė E, Lavinskienė S, Sakalauskas R, Šitkauskienė B. Evaluation of vitamin D levels in allergic and non-allergic asthma. Medicina. 2015; 51(6):321-327.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tamašauskienė, Laura; Gasiūnienė, Edita; Lavinskienė, Simona; Sakalauskas, Raimundas; Šitkauskienė, Brigita. 2015. "Evaluation of vitamin D levels in allergic and non-allergic asthma." Medicina 51, no. 6: 321-327.