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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Healthcare-associated infections in Northern Russia: Results of ten point-prevalence surveys in 2006–2010

1
Department of Infectious Diseases, Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia
2
International School of Public Health, Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia
3
International Kazakh-Turkish University, Turkestan, Kazakhstan
4
Department of International Public Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
5
Department of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2015, 51(3), 193-199; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medici.2015.05.002
Received: 4 December 2014 / Revised: 1 April 2015 / Accepted: 7 May 2015 / Published: 16 June 2015
Background and objective: Statistics on healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in Russia is scarce and has been considered to suffer from underreporting. We assessed the prevalence and changes in the prevalence of HAIs over 5 years and identified factors associated with acquiring HAIs in the pediatric hospital in Arkhangelsk, Northern Russia.
Materials and methods: Ten cross-sectional studies were conducted in the Arkhangelsk regional pediatric hospital biannually during 2006–2010. We used a standardized protocol, including the criteria of HAI proposed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Binary logistic regression was applied to study factors associated with HAI.
Results: Altogether, 3264 inpatients were enrolled in the study and 347 of them had HAI (11.2%). The prevalence of HAI per survey ranged from 7.1% (95% CI: 4.8%–10.4%) to 16.7% (95% CI: 13.1%–21.2%). The most prevalent HAIs were upper respiratory tract infections 5.1% (95% CI: 4.4%–5.9%), followed by urinary tract infections, 1.5% (95% CI: 1.2%–2.0%), and acute gastroenteritis, 1.4% (95% CI: 1.1%–1.9%). Compared to infants, children aged 5–9 years (OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.4–1.0), 10–14 years (OR = 0.4, 95% CI: 0.3–0.7), and ≥15 years (OR = 0.3, 95% CI: 0.2–0.5) were less likely to have HAI. Neutropenia (OR = 1.5, 95% CI: 1.0–2.3) and use of intravascular catheter(s) (OR = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.1–3.0) were positively associated with HAI.
Conclusions: The observed prevalence of HAIs is within the range reported in several other European countries. We do not recommend generalizing our findings to other Russian settings given considerable variations between regions in both socio-economic situation and conditions of medical facilities.
Keywords: Healthcare-associated infections; Pediatric hospital; Russia Healthcare-associated infections; Pediatric hospital; Russia
MDPI and ACS Style

A. Krieger, E.; M. Grjibovski, A.; V. Samodova, O.; M. Eriksen, H. Healthcare-associated infections in Northern Russia: Results of ten point-prevalence surveys in 2006–2010. Medicina 2015, 51, 193-199.

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