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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Accumulation and biological effects of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles in human pancreatic and ovarian cancer cells

1
Laboratory of Immunology, National Cancer Institute, Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Biomedical Physics Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Vilnius, Lithuania
3
Biophotonics Group of Laser Research Centre, Faculty of Physics, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
4
Laboratory of Nanostructures, State Research Institute Centre for Physical Sciences and Technology, Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2014, 50(4), 237-244; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medici.2014.09.009
Received: 30 April 2014 / Accepted: 25 September 2014 / Published: 6 October 2014
Background and objective: Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) emerge as a promising tool for early cancer diagnostics and targeted therapy. However, both toxicity and biological activity of SPIONs should be evaluated in detail. The aim of this study was to synthesize superparamagnetic cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (Co-SPIONs), and to investigate their uptake, toxicity and effects on cancer stem-like properties in human pancreatic cancer cell line MiaPaCa2 and human ovarian cancer cell line A2780.
Materials and methods: Co-SPIONs were produced by Massart's co-precipitation method. The cells were treated with Co-SPIONs at three different concentrations (0.095, 0.48, and 0.95 μg/mL) for 24 and 48 h. Cell viability and proliferation were analyzed after treatment. The stemlike properties of cells were assessed by investigating the cell clonogenicity and expression of cancer stem cell-associated markers, including CD24/ESA in A2780 cell line and CD44/ALDH1 in MiaPaCa2 cell line. Magnetically activated cell sorting was used for the separation of magnetically labeled and unlabeled cells.
Results: Both cancer cell lines accumulated Co-SPIONs, however differences in response to nanoparticles were observed between MiaPaCa2 and A2780 cell. In particular, A2780 cells were more sensitive to exposition to Co-SPIONs than MiaPaCa2 cells, indicating that a safe concentration of nanoparticles must be estimated individually for a particular cell type. Higher doses of Co-SPIONs decreased both the clonogenicity and ESA marker expression in A2780 cells.
Conclusions: Co-SPIONs are not cytotoxic to cancer cells, at least when used at a concentration of up to 0.95 μg/mL. Co-SPIONs have a dose-dependent effect on the clonogenic potential and ESA marker expression in A2780 cells. Magnetic detection of low concentrations of Co-SPIONS in cancer cells is a promising tool for further applications of these nanoparticles in cancer diagnosis and treatment; however, extensive research in this field is needed.
Keywords: Superparamagnetic cobalt ferrite nanoparticles; Cytotoxicity; Pancreatic cancer; Ovarian cancer; Cancer stem-like cells Superparamagnetic cobalt ferrite nanoparticles; Cytotoxicity; Pancreatic cancer; Ovarian cancer; Cancer stem-like cells
MDPI and ACS Style

Pašukonienė, V.; Mlynska, A.; Steponkienė, S.; Poderys, V.; Matulionytė, M.; Karabanovas, V.; Statkutė, U.; Purvinienė, R.; Kraśko, J.A.; Jagminas, A.; Kurtinaitienė, M.; Strioga, M.; Rotomskis, R. Accumulation and biological effects of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles in human pancreatic and ovarian cancer cells. Medicina 2014, 50, 237-244.

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