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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Importance of alcohol-related expectations and emotional expressivity for prediction of motivation to refuse alcohol in alcohol-dependent patients

1
Department of Theoretical Psychology, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Department of General Psychology, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2014, 50(3), 169-174; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medici.2014.07.002
Received: 23 November 2013 / Accepted: 3 July 2014 / Published: 29 July 2014
Background and objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of alcoholdependent patients' emotional expressivity, alcohol-related expectations and socio- demographic factors for prediction of motivation to refuse alcohol consumption.
Materials and methods: The study sample consisted of 136 alcohol-dependent patients (100 men and 36 women) undergoing treatment in Kaunas center for addictive disorders.
Results: Only higher expression of negative alcohol-related expectations (std. beta = 0.192, P = 0.023), higher emotional impulse intensity (std. beta = 0.229, P = 0.021) and higher expression of positive emotional expressiveness (std. beta = 0.021, P = 0.020) as well as gender (std. beta = 0.180, P = 0.049), education (std. beta = –0.137, P = 0.038) and alcohol dependency treatment conditions (members of support group after rehabilitation program) (std. beta = 0.288, P = 0.001; std. beta = 0.608, P = 0.001) were significant factors for predicting the different level of alcohol-dependent patients motivation to refuse alcohol consumption.
Conclusions: Negative alcohol-related expectations, emotional impulse intensity and positive emotional expressiveness were significant even though quite weak triggers for alcohol-dependent patients' different level of motivation to refuse alcohol consumption. An assumption could be made that by changing these triggers it is possible to change addictive behavior.
Keywords: Alcohol-related expectations; Emotional expressivity; Motivation to refuse alcohol consumption; Alcohol dependency Alcohol-related expectations; Emotional expressivity; Motivation to refuse alcohol consumption; Alcohol dependency
MDPI and ACS Style

Slavinskienė, J.; Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė, K. Importance of alcohol-related expectations and emotional expressivity for prediction of motivation to refuse alcohol in alcohol-dependent patients. Medicina 2014, 50, 169-174.

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