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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
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The role of parental education and socioeconomic status in dental caries prevention among Lithuanian children

Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
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Medicina 2014, 50(3), 156-161; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medici.2014.07.003
Received: 9 December 2013 / Accepted: 7 July 2014 / Published: 29 July 2014
Background and objective: The aim of this study was to disclose parental attitudes toward their children's dental care and preventive measures used as well as to evaluate their associations with parental education and socioeconomic status.
Materials and methods: A total of 1248 parents of 7-, 9-, and 12-year-old children from 5 largest Lithuanian cities were enrolled in the study. The questionnaire comprised 34 items, which were grouped into 4 clusters.
Results: The parents with a high educational level scored better than those who had a low educational level (2.13 [SD, 0.39] vs. 2.2 [0.43], P = 0.002). The parents who reported sufficientfamily income scored their child's and their own health significantly better than those reporting insufficient-family income (2.02 [SD, 0.37] vs. 2.27 [SD, 0.41], P < 0.001). The parents cared about their child's health more than about their own (1.53 [SD, 0.51] vs. 2.15 [0.61], P < 0.001). The parents with a high educational level and those receiving sufficient income cared about education on oral hygiene and regular preventive dental check-ups more than those with a low educational level and insufficient income (36.7% and 40.8% vs. 30.2% and 28.7%, P < 0.01 and P < 0.001, respectively). The children whose parents had a high educational level brushed their teeth 2 times a day more frequently than those of the parents with a low educational level (48.5% and 42.4%, respectively, P < 0.001).
Conclusions: Greater attention to children's dental care as well as keeping their teeth healthy was paid by the parents with a high educational level and sufficient income.
Keywords: Oral health; Parental education; Income Oral health; Parental education; Income
MDPI and ACS Style

Saldūnaitė, K.; Bendoraitienė, E.A.; Slabšinskienė, E.; Vasiliauskienė, I.; Andruškevičienė, V.; Zūbienė, J. The role of parental education and socioeconomic status in dental caries prevention among Lithuanian children. Medicina 2014, 50, 156-161.

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