Treatment Under Dental General Anesthesia Among Children Younger than 6 Years in Lithuania
Material and Methods. The study population comprised all patients younger than 6 years treated under GA for dental reasons (n=144) at the University Hospital during a 3-year period from 2010 to 2012. The data were collected by means of clinical dental examinations, a survey of the parents, and the patients’ dental records and included personal background, reasons for DGA, dental status, and treatment provided.
Results. More than half (54%) of the children were younger than 4 years; 40% of them resided in cities. The dental caries experience was high: the mean dmft and d were 12.9 (SD, 3.5) and 12.1 (SD 3.9), respectively. The majority (81%) of the children had multiple reasons for DGA, with the need for excessive treatment (93%), followed by dental fear and uncooperativeness (66%), being the most common. The extent of treatment increased with age and was greater among patients from rural areas. Of the 1975 primary teeth treated under GA, 50% were restored, 32% extracted, and 18% targeted with preventive procedures.
Conclusions. Young children with very high levels of untreated tooth decay are treated under DGA at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital. The need for complex treatment as well as dental fear and uncooperativeness are the major reasons for DGA. Multiple caries treatments and extractions are performed for these patients. This study highlights a great need to develop the healthcare system with regard to the appropriate management of caries among young children and postoperative DGA care.
Jankauskienė, B.; Virtanen, J.I.; Kubilius, R.; Narbutaitė, J. Treatment Under Dental General Anesthesia Among Children Younger than 6 Years in Lithuania. Medicina 2013, 49, 63.
Jankauskienė B, Virtanen JI, Kubilius R, Narbutaitė J. Treatment Under Dental General Anesthesia Among Children Younger than 6 Years in Lithuania. Medicina. 2013; 49(9):63.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jankauskienė, Birutė; Virtanen, Jorma I.; Kubilius, Ričardas; Narbutaitė, Julija. 2013. "Treatment Under Dental General Anesthesia Among Children Younger than 6 Years in Lithuania." Medicina 49, no. 9: 63.