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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
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Depressive Mood in Association with Sociodemographic, Behavioral, Self-Perceived Health, and Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors and Sleep Complaints

Institute of Behavioural Medicine, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
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Medicina 2013, 49(8), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina49080058
Received: 22 November 2012 / Accepted: 30 August 2013 / Published: 4 September 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate depressive mood in association with sociodemographic, behavioral, self-perceived health, and coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors and sleep complaints among 35–74-year-old citizens of Palanga.
Material and Methods
. A representative sample of randomly selected 1602 persons, 600 men and 1002 women, was studied. Depressive mood was assessed by the WHO-5 Well-being Index. Sleep complaints, self-perceived health, and behavioral factors were evaluated by the Basic Nordic Sleep Quality questionnaire and questionnaires on self-perceived health and health behavior. Risk factors for CAD were assessed according to WHO recommendations.
Results. The highest prevalence of depressive mood (34.7%) was identified in the age group of 45–54 years in the men and in the age group of 55–64 years in the women (30.0%). The highest odds ratios demonstrating a strong association between depressive mood and health behavior were established for the use of antidepressants (OR=26.0) in the men and for the use of sedatives (OR=3.09) in the women. The highest odds ratios demonstrating an association between depressive mood and self-perceived health were established for chronic pyelonephritis (OR=3.13) in the men and diabetic foot pain (OR=4.46) in the women. The highest odds ratios reflecting an association between depressive mood and sleep quality were established for the inability to work due to disturbed sleep (OR=1.93) in the men and self-perceived sleep quality (OR=1.55) in the women.
Conclusions
. Depressive mood, which was significantly associated with risky health behavior, poor self-perceived health, and disturbed sleep, was observed more often in the women than the men; however, significant associations between depressive mood and risk factors for CAD were not established.
Keywords: depressive mood; sociodemographic variables; self-perceived health; behavioral factors; coronary artery disease; sleep complaints depressive mood; sociodemographic variables; self-perceived health; behavioral factors; coronary artery disease; sleep complaints
MDPI and ACS Style

Andruškienė, J.; Podlipskytė, A.; Martinkėnas, A.; Varoneckas, G. Depressive Mood in Association with Sociodemographic, Behavioral, Self-Perceived Health, and Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors and Sleep Complaints. Medicina 2013, 49, 58.

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