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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Detailed Evaluation of Patients Admitted To Emergency Department With a Tick Bite Complaint

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziosmanpasa University
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Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinic Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziosmanpasa University, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2013, 49(8), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina49080057
Received: 5 June 2013 / Accepted: 25 August 2013 / Published: 30 August 2013
Background and Objective. A tick bite has been an emergency of increased importance in recent years since it can cause a progressive, fatal disease such as Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). This issue should be considered by physicians working not only in endemic areas but also in the entire world, taking into account immigration, overseas trips, etc. In our study, we aimed to increase the awareness of the issue by evaluating the emergency department admissions of tick bite complaints in an endemic area.
Material and Methods
. In total, 251 patients who had been admitted to the emergency department with a complaint of a tick bite within 10 months were included into the study. The data were obtained by collecting main complaints, demographic characteristics, cell counts on admission, and biochemical tests as well as CCHF findings in the RT-PCR test. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the results of real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR+ and PCR–).
Results. All the patients complained of tick bites. As for the additional complaints, 46% of the overall study population had fatigue and 36% experienced fever. Fever was the most common complaint in the PCR+ group (39%). The platelet and white blood cell counts were significantly lower and the AST level was significantly higher in the PCR+ group than the PCR– group (P<0.01).
Conclusions. In CCHF, where an early diagnosis is very important in reducing mortality, and the symptoms such as a tick bite, fever, and fatigue should be taken seriously by emergency medicine physicians. Leukopenia and thrombocytopenia and higher levels of enzymes in the liver function tests should be taken into account.
Keywords: tick bite; Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever; thrombocytopenia tick bite; Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever; thrombocytopenia
MDPI and ACS Style

Başol, N.; Duygu, F.; Ayan, M. Detailed Evaluation of Patients Admitted To Emergency Department With a Tick Bite Complaint. Medicina 2013, 49, 57.

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