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Open AccessArticle

Career Intentions and Dropout Causes Among Medical Students in Kazakhstan

1
Kazakhstan School of Public Health
2
Kazakh National Medical University named after S.D. Asfendiyarov, Kazakhstan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2013, 49(6), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina49060045
Received: 28 April 2013 / Accepted: 30 May 2013 / Published: 4 June 2013
Background and Objective. The number of new entrants to higher medical schools of Kazakhstan increased by 1.6 times from 2007 to 2012. However, it is not known how it will affect the shortage of human resources for health. Additionally, human resources for health in rural areas of Kazakhstan are 4 times scarcer than in urban areas. The aim of the present study was to investigate the intentions of students toward their professional future and readiness to work in rural areas, as well as to determine the causes for dropping out from medical schools.
Material and Methods
. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2 medical universities in Almaty during the academic year 2011–2012. The study sample included medical students and interns. In total, 2388 students participated in the survey. The survey tool was an anonymous questionnaire.
Results
. The students of the first years of studies compared with those of later years of studies were more optimistic about the profession and had more intentions to work in the medical field. Only 8% of the students reported a wish to work in rural localities. On the other hand, 4% of the students did not plan to pursue the profession. On the average, every third medical student dropped out on his/her own request.
Conclusions
. Associations between intentions to work according to the profession and the year of studies, faculty, and residence area before enrolling in a medical school were documented. The majority of the students who came from rural areas preferred to stay and look for work in a city, which might contribute to an unequal distribution of physicians across the country.
Keywords: career intentions; dropout rates; medical students career intentions; dropout rates; medical students
MDPI and ACS Style

Faizullina, K.; Kausova, G.; Kalmataeva, Z.; Nurbakyt, A.; Buzdaeva, S. Career Intentions and Dropout Causes Among Medical Students in Kazakhstan. Medicina 2013, 49, 45.

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