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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

An Interdisciplinary Study of Orthodontic, Orthopedic, and Otorhinolaryngological Findings in 12–14-Year-Old Preorthodontic Children

1
Department of Orthodontics, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
2
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2013, 49(11), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina49110075
Received: 7 April 2013 / Accepted: 29 November 2013 / Published: 4 December 2013
Background and Objective. Malocclusion, the body posture, and the breathing pat- tern may correlate, but this issue is still controversial. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the type of malocclusion, the body posture, and the nasopharyngeal obstruction in 12-14-year-old children.
Material and Methods
. The study group consisted of 76 orthodontic patients (35 boys, 41 girls) aged 12-14 years (mean age, 12.79 years {SD, 0.98J). All the patients were examined by the same orthodontist (study model and cephalometric radiograph analysis), the same orthopedic surgeon (body posture examined from the front, the side, and the back), and the same otorhinolaryngologist (anterior and posterior rhinoscopy and pharyngoscopy) in a blind manner.
Results
. The prevalence of a poor body posture and a nasopharyngeal pathology was high in the present study. In total, 48.7% of the orthodontic patients had a kyphotic posture and 55.3% a rib hump in the thoracic region. The nasopharyngeal pathology was diagnosed in 78.9% of the patients. The patients with the kyphotic posture had a higher mandibular plane angle (MP-SN) and a lower sagittal position of the mandible SNB angle. A deeper overbite correlated with shoulder and scapular asymmetry. The kyphotic posture was diagnosed in 55.0% of the patients with the naso- pharyngeal pathology.
Conclusions. The sagittal body posture was related to the vertical craniofacial parameters and hypertrophy of the tonsils and/or the adenoids. The study showed no relationship between the degree of crowding, the presence of a posterior cross bite, orthopedic parameters, and a breathing pattern.
Keywords: malocclusion; body posture; breathing pattern malocclusion; body posture; breathing pattern
MDPI and ACS Style

Lopatiene, K.; Smailiene, D.; Sidlauskiene, M.; Cekanauskas, E.; Valaikaite, R.; Pribuisiene, R. An Interdisciplinary Study of Orthodontic, Orthopedic, and Otorhinolaryngological Findings in 12–14-Year-Old Preorthodontic Children. Medicina 2013, 49, 75.

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