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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Inherited Macular Dystrophies and Differential Diagnostics

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Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
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Department of Cardiac Pathology, Intitute of Cardiology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
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Laboratory of Neurooncology and Genetics, Neuroscience Institute, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2012, 48(9), 72; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina48090072
Received: 12 June 2012 / Accepted: 30 September 2012 / Published: 5 October 2012
The inherited macular dystrophies are characterized by different grade central visual loss and different character macula atrophy, because of retinal pigment epithelium lesion. The cause of photoreceptors degeneration is still not known. In this article, we review subjective and objective ophthalmological examines essential to diagnosis and differential diagnosis of inherited autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive macular dystrophies. It is known seven gene mutations (ABCA4, ELOVL4, PROML1, VMD2, Peripherin/RDS, TIMP3, XLRS), which may cause inherited macular dystrophies development. Inheritance type of inherited macular dystrophies, prevalence, beginning of disease, spread of the disease between female and male, clinic, electroretinography, electrooculography, differential diagnosis, genetic research and prognosis are also reviewed.
Keywords: inherited macular dystrophies; inheritance; clinical picture; diagnostics; differential diagnostics inherited macular dystrophies; inheritance; clinical picture; diagnostics; differential diagnostics
MDPI and ACS Style

Liutkevičienė, R.; Lesauskaitė, V.; Ašmonienė, V.; Gelžinis, A.; Žaliūnienė, D.; Jašinskas, V. Inherited Macular Dystrophies and Differential Diagnostics. Medicina 2012, 48, 72.

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