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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Parenting Style, Locus of Control, and Oral Hygiene in Adolescents

1
Department of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC Canada
2
Institute of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2012, 48(2), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina48020009
Received: 23 August 2011 / Accepted: 28 February 2012 / Published: 5 March 2012
Objective. The aim of the study was to test if variations in oral hygiene levels in adolescents were associated with locus of control and parenting styles after controlling for demographic factors. Material and Methods. The study sample comprised 237 adolescents aged 12–13 years. The structured questionnaire included demographic characteristics and items about parenting style and locus of control. The Individual Quantitative Plaque % Index (IQPI) and toothbrushing frequency were used as clinical outcome measures.
Results
. In the bivariate analyses, socioeconomic status (P=0.012), number of children in the family (P=0.003), and frequency of toothbrushing (P=0.001) were related to dental plaque levels. Gender (P<0.001), socioeconomic status (P=0.022), and external locus of control (Spearman rho, –0.144, P=0.027) were statistically significantly associated with toothbrushing frequency. In the multivariate analyses, only socioeconomic status and toothbrushing frequency were statistically significantly related to the IQPI. When toothbrushing frequency as the second outcome variable was used, the IQPI and gender were statistically significant. The association with socioeconomic status did not reach statistical significance (P=0.07).
Conclusions.
Only socioeconomic status and toothbrushing frequency explained variation in dental plaque levels among adolescents. The expected relationship among parenting styles, locus of control, and oral hygiene levels was not confirmed.
Keywords: adolescents; oral hygiene; parenting style; locus of control adolescents; oral hygiene; parenting style; locus of control
MDPI and ACS Style

Aleksejūnienė, J.; Brukienė, V. Parenting Style, Locus of Control, and Oral Hygiene in Adolescents. Medicina 2012, 48, 9.

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