The rate of endovascular interventions for iliac occlusive lesions is continuously growing. The evolution of the technology supporting these therapeutic measures improves the results of these interventions. We performed a review of the literature to report and appreciate short- and long-term results of endovascular stenting of iliac artery occlusive lesions. The Medline database was searched to identify all the studies reporting iliac artery stenting for aortoiliac occlusive disease (Trans Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus [TASC] type A, B, C, and D) from January 2006 to July 2012. The outcomes were technical success, long-term primary and secondary patency rates, early mortality, and complications. Technical success was achieved in 91% to 99% of patients as reported in all the analyzed articles. Early mortality was described in 5 studies and ranged from 0.7% to 3.6%. The most common complications were access site hematomas, distal embolization, pseudoaneurysms, and iliac artery ruptures. The complications were most often treated conservatively or using percutaneous techniques. The 5-year primary and secondary patency rates ranged from 63% to 88% and 86% to 93%, respectively; and the 10-year primary patency rates ranged from 68% to 83%. In this article, combined percutaneous endovascular iliac stenting and infrainguinal surgical reconstructions and new techniques in the treatment of iliac stent restenosis are discussed. Iliac stenting is a feasible, safe, and effective method for the treatment of iliac occlusive disease. Initial technical and clinical success rates are high; early mortality and complication rates are low. Longterm patency is comparable with that after bypass surgery.
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