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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Estimation of All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality Risk in Relation to Leisure-Time Physical Activity: A Cohort Study

1
Institute of Cardiology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
2
Lithuanian Sports University, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2012, 48(12), 93; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina48120093
Received: 6 November 2012 / Accepted: 31 December 2012 / Published: 5 January 2013
Background and Objective. Epidemiologists agree that physical activity has a protective role in morbidity and mortality mainly through its positive impact on risk factors. So far, most studies have confirmed that CVD risk decreases with an increasing physical activity level, but it is not known what level of physical activity is already sufficient for mortality risk reduction. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore long-term associations between leisure-time physical activity and mortality risk in the Lithuanian urban population.
Material and Methods
. The MONICA study (1992–1993) and the repeated health examination survey in 2001–2002 were organized as a cohort study of 2642 middle-aged inhabitants from the general Lithuanian population of Kaunas. Two random samples aged 35–64 years were examined in 1992–2002. Leisure-time physical activity was assessed by an interview method, asking about physically demanding activities at leisure time measured in hours. The study sample was pooled into 2 groups: inactive (first quartile) and active (second to fourth quartiles). Follow-up was carried out in terms of the endpoints reached from the baseline until December 31, 2010. Mortality data from the National Death Register were obtained.
Results
. Multivariate adjusted Cox proportional hazards analyses revealed an HR of 1.46 (95% CI, 1.15–1.85) for all-cause mortality and 1.73 (95% CI, 1.23–2.45) for CVD mortality in the lowest quartile of leisure-time physical activity compared with the higher ones. As much as 16.2% of all-cause mortality and 22.2% of CVD mortality was attributable to the lowest quartile of leisuretime physical activity.
Conclusions
. This study demonstrated a beneficial effect of leisure time physical activity on predicting all-cause and CVD mortality risk.
Keywords: physical activity; all-cause mortality; cardiovascular mortality; population; cohort study physical activity; all-cause mortality; cardiovascular mortality; population; cohort study
MDPI and ACS Style

Bacevičienė, M.; Lukšienė, D.I.; Bernotienė, G.; Tamošiūnas, A. Estimation of All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality Risk in Relation to Leisure-Time Physical Activity: A Cohort Study. Medicina 2012, 48, 93.

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