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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Leadership Competencies of Executives in Lithuanian Public Health Institutions

1
School of Public Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Queensland, Australia
2
Department of Health Management, Faculty of Public Health, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
3
Centre for Professional and Organization Development, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Collegiate Campus, United Kingdom
4
Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
5
Department of International Health, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2012, 48(11), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina48110085
Received: 21 September 2012 / Accepted: 30 September 2012 / Published: 5 November 2012
Background and Objective. Lithuanian and international public health experts emphasize the importance of leadership in public health. The aim of this study was to explore the self-assessed level of leadership competencies of executives in Lithuanian public health institutions.
Material and Methods. Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of executives of Lithuanian public health institutions in 2010. The total number of returned questionnaires was 55 (response rate, 58.5%). Respondents were asked about their competencies in leadership, teamwork, communication, and conflict management. The evaluation was carried out by analyzing the answers provided in the survey, which used a 5-point rating scale. In addition, the Belbin Team-Role Self-Perception Inventory and the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument were used.
Results
. The results showed that respondents were reserved or limited in their individual capacities through this evaluation of their leadership competencies. The mean score was 3.47 (SD, 0.71). Skills in competency areas of communication, teamwork, and conflict management were scored higher (3.73 [SD, 0.67], 3.73 [SD, 0.62], and 3.53 [SD, 0.63], respectively). Most of executives preferred to choose action-oriented roles (76.2%). The most common role was “implementer” (69.1%). “Avoiding” (52.7%) was the most common conflict solving strategy. The results showed that 89.1% of executives wanted to improve teamwork; 83.6%, leadership competencies; 81.8%, communication; and 80.0%, conflict management.
Conclusions
. The study results suggest that the executives of Lithuanian public health institutions evaluate their leadership competencies moderately. These results indicate the value of leadership training for public health executives.
Keywords: competencies; executives; public health; leadership; teamwork; conflict management; Lithuania competencies; executives; public health; leadership; teamwork; conflict management; Lithuania
MDPI and ACS Style

Stankūnas, M.; Sauliūnė, S.; Smith, T.; Avery, M.; Šumskas, L.; Czabanowska, K. Evaluation of Leadership Competencies of Executives in Lithuanian Public Health Institutions. Medicina 2012, 48, 85.

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