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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Occupational Effects on the Family Well-being of Dentists in Lithuania: A Survey of Dentists

1
Institute of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Lithuania
2
Department of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
3
Department of Health Management, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2011, 47(7), 399; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina47070057
Received: 16 June 2011 / Accepted: 29 July 2011 / Published: 3 August 2011
Background and Objective. Work-related commitments unavoidably interfere with the dentist’s everyday life. Therefore, the objective of our study was to assess the impact that a dentist’s occupation might have on the family well-being.
Material and Methods.
The questionnaire was sent to all (N=2449) licensed dentists registered in the Lithuanian Dental Association (response rate, 68.2%). The data were analyzed by means of multiple logistic regression analysis.
Results
. Most dentists reported difficulties in reconciliation of their professional activities and family life, i.e., insufficient time to spend with a family, necessity to reduce family leisure activities, neglected duties to the family, limited time for hobbies, and work-related anxiety and nervousness at home. These hazardous occupational effects were mainly related to long working hours, which negatively affected all areas of family life.
Conclusions
. Occupational hazards, particularly long working hours of dental practitioners, had negative effects on all areas of the dentist’s family life. Although dentists frequently faced difficulties in reconciliation of their professional activities and their family interests, in general, they had quite a harmonious family life. The findings suggest that the focus should be on finding the ways to reduce working hours in order to facilitate the reconciliation of a successful dental practice and family life. Additionally, there might be other effective means, e.g., to cope with stress or to develop better working and leisure time management skills.
Keywords: dentistry; occupational hazards; family well-being dentistry; occupational hazards; family well-being
MDPI and ACS Style

Pūrienė, A.; Aleksejūnienė, J.; Petrauskienė, J.; Balčiūnienė, I.; Janulytė, V. Occupational Effects on the Family Well-being of Dentists in Lithuania: A Survey of Dentists. Medicina 2011, 47, 399.

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