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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

An Analysis of Etiological Factors for Traumatic Mandibular Osteomyelitis

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
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Medicina 2011, 47(7), 380; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina47070054
Received: 18 August 2010 / Revised: 18 July 2011 / Accepted: 23 July 2011 / Published: 28 July 2011
Objective. The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that were associated with the development of osteomyelitis during the treatment of mandibular fractures.
Material and Methods
. The data of 3188 patients with mandibular fractures treated during 2002–2009 were analyzed. Traumatic osteomyelitis of the mandible was diagnosed in 207 patients. The background factors of complications were studied and compared with the control group (100 patients) not having complications after treatment of mandibular fractures. The data of clinical, roentgenologic, microbiological, and immunological investigations were analyzed. A logistic regression model was developed to identify the factors for osteomyelitis development.
Results. The treatment in 6.5% of patients was complicated with osteomyelitis; 88.5% of these patients were men, and more than 80% of patients were younger than 50 years. In 86.8% of cases, Staphylococcus species were isolated, with Staphylococcus aureus accounting for 69.1% of cases. The following factors were found to be associated with osteomyelitis development: immunity dysfunction, caries-affected teeth at the fracture line, mobile fractured bones, bone fixation after more than 7 days following trauma, healthy teeth at the fracture line, insufficient bone reposition, and bone fixation after 3–7 days following trauma.
Conclusion. Comparative analysis of factors influencing the treatment results revealed a great importance of immunological and dental status and microflora at the affected site. Insufficient or late reposition and fixation of fractured bone fragments play a significant role in the healing process.
Keywords: mandibular fracture; traumatic osteomyelitis; etiology of osteomyelitis mandibular fracture; traumatic osteomyelitis; etiology of osteomyelitis
MDPI and ACS Style

Lukošiūnas, A.; Kubilius, R.; Sabalys, G.; Keizeris, T.; Sakavičius, D. An Analysis of Etiological Factors for Traumatic Mandibular Osteomyelitis. Medicina 2011, 47, 380.

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