Executive Functions in Adolescents With Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy
Material and Methods. Neuropsychological investigation of executive functions (the Verbal Fluency Test, the Five-Point Test, the Trail-Making Test, and the Stroop test) was performed in 59 patients aged 14–17 years and meeting the diagnostic criteria for IGE, and in the group of 59 agematched controls without any history of epilepsy.
Results. The IGE group subjects scored worse than the controls in most of the executive function tests: phonemic (P=0.008) and semantic (P=0.001) word fluency, figural fluency (P=0.008), visual search and sequencing of numbers (P=0.001), and alternate number-letter sequencing (P=0.018). None of the test scores differed between the new-onset and the established IGE groups, or between the groups of cases with and without myoclonias. No relationship between executive functioning and gender, age, duration or activity of epilepsy, treatment, or epileptiform discharges on electroencephalography was found.
Conclusions. Executive dysfunction was present in adolescents with JME and other syndromes of IGE, manifesting with generalized tonic-clonic seizures without myoclonias, despite short duration and benign course of epilepsy
Gelžinienė, G.; Jurkevičienė, G.; Marmienė, V.; Adomaitienė, V.; Endzinienė, M. Executive Functions in Adolescents With Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy. Medicina 2011, 47, 44.
Gelžinienė G, Jurkevičienė G, Marmienė V, Adomaitienė V, Endzinienė M. Executive Functions in Adolescents With Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy. Medicina. 2011; 47(6):44.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gelžinienė, Giedrė; Jurkevičienė, Giedrė; Marmienė, Vitalija; Adomaitienė, Virginija; Endzinienė, Milda. 2011. "Executive Functions in Adolescents With Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy." Medicina 47, no. 6: 44.