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Open AccessArticle

Diagnostic Value of Conventional Visual Evoked Potentials Applied to Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

1
Department of Neurology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
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Department of Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
3
Institute of Pharmacology and Physiology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
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Klaipėda University Hospital, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2011, 47(5), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina47050037
Received: 2 September 2010 / Accepted: 18 May 2011 / Published: 23 May 2011
Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of this classical technique employed at the Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences for the patients with multiple sclerosis and to assess its possible correlations with affected neurological systems.
Material and Methods
. Pattern shift visual evoked potentials were recorded in 63 patients with multiple sclerosis, 17 (27%) of whom had a history of optic neuritis, and in 63 control patients with other neurological diseases. The latencies and amplitudes of P100 were measured. In total, 126 patients were referred to the inpatient department of neurology for differential diagnosis of demyelinating disorders between January and December of 2007.
Results
. Abnormalities of visual evoked potentials were observed by 73% more frequently in patients with multiple sclerosis than in control patients (α=0.05, β<0.01). The combined monocular/ interocular test showed a specificity of 90.5% and a sensitivity of 82.5%. The probability of an affection of the pyramidal system was 5 times greater (95% CI, 2.2–11.0; P<0.01) and the probability of the optic pathways involvement was 4.8 times greater (95% CI, 1.9–11.9; P<0.01) in patients with multiple sclerosis than in controls.
Conclusion
. Conventional visual evoked potentials must be reappraised in light of their diagnostic value in multiple sclerosis given their high diagnostic efficiency, relatively easy, short, and cheap implementation, and easy availability in everyday clinical practice.
Keywords: conventional visual evoked potentials; multiple sclerosis; neurological systems conventional visual evoked potentials; multiple sclerosis; neurological systems
MDPI and ACS Style

Balnytė, R.; Ulozienė, I.; Rastenytė, D.; Vaitkus, A.; Malcienė, L.; Laučkaitė, K. Diagnostic Value of Conventional Visual Evoked Potentials Applied to Patients With Multiple Sclerosis. Medicina 2011, 47, 37.

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