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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Competence of Nurses and Factors Associated With It

1
Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Finland
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Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Klaipėda, Lithuania
3
School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland
4
Corporate Headquarters, Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Finland
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Hospital District of Southwest Finland, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2011, 47(4), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina47040033
Received: 22 February 2010 / Accepted: 14 April 2011 / Published: 19 April 2011
Objective. Nurse competence became a relevant topic for discussion among nurse practitioners and nurse researchers. However, the factors connected with nurse competence need deeper exploring. The aim of this study was to explore nurse competence and factors associated with it from the perspective of nurses for predicting the possible ways for upgrading the nursing practice.
Materials and Methods. A multicenter, descriptive study was performed in 11 surgical wards of 7 Lithuanian hospitals. Data were collected from November 2007 to January 2008. Lithuanian nurses (n=218) who were working with patients after abdominal surgery participated in this study. The response rate was 91%. Two instruments, both originally developed in Finland, were used: the Nurse Competence Scale and the Good Nursing Care Scale for Nurses.
Results. The overall level of nurse competence and the frequency of using the competencies in practice as perceived by nurses were high. Nurses assessed the competencies in managing situations and work role the highest and in teaching-coaching and ensuring quality the lowest. Sociodemographic factors such as nurse education, experience, professional development, independence, and work satisfaction as well as the evaluation of quality of nursing care were identified as factors associated with nurse competence.
Conclusions
. The findings of study allow us to make the assumption that nurse education, nurse experience, and nurse professional development play a significant role in the evaluation of nurse competence as well as the evaluation of quality of nursing care. It is necessary to upgrade nursing education programs at all levels of nursing education in Lithuania: university, non-university, and professional development courses. The qualities of preconditions for nursing care, cooperation with relatives, caring and supporting initiative are related to nurse competence.
Keywords: nurse competence; factors associated with nurse competence; abdominal perioperative/ surgical nursing care; quality of nursing care nurse competence; factors associated with nurse competence; abdominal perioperative/ surgical nursing care; quality of nursing care
MDPI and ACS Style

Istomina, N.; Suominen, T.; Razbadauskas, A.; Martinkėnas, A.; Meretoja, R.; Leino-Kilpi, H. Competence of Nurses and Factors Associated With It. Medicina 2011, 47, 33.

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