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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Factors Related to Gender Differences in Toothbrushin g Among Lithuanian Middle-Aged University Employees

1
Faculty of Odontology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Institute of Dentistry, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2011, 47(3), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina47030025
Received: 21 October 2010 / Accepted: 14 March 2011 / Published: 19 March 2011
Background and objectives. Many previous studies showed clear gender differences in the percentages of adults reporting toothbrushing more than once a day. This study evaluated the factors determining gender differences in toothbrushing among Lithuanian middle-aged university employees.
Material and Methods. A questionnaire survey was anonymously conducted among 35- to 44-year-old employees (n=862) of four universities in Lithuania in 2005. The response rate was 64% (n=553). Data covered toothbrushing frequency, habitual dental attendance, dental health attitudes and knowledge, and subject’s background information.
Results. Of all respondents, 68% reported brushing their teeth more than once a day (73% of women and 49% of men, P<0.001) and 51% indicated checkup-based habitual dental attendance (54% of women and 41% of men, P=0.012). The majority reported good dental status as being important to them and poor oral health as injurious to general health. Of all respondents, 44% indicated that “Lack of time is the main reason for incomplete oral self-care” (61% of men and 40% of women, P<0.001). Logistic regression models showed that the strongest factor affecting toothbrushing frequency was the importance of good dental health to them (OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1–2.4; P=0.02) among women and statement that “Poor oral health can be injurious to general health” (OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.2–5.5; P=0.01) and checkup-based habitual dental attendance (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.0–5.9; P=0.06) among men.
Conclusions
. Due to different determinants affecting toothbrushing frequency among men and women, different oral health motivation programs by gender should be developed.
Keywords: toothbrushing; gender differences; dental attendance; dental health attitudes; knowledge of dental health toothbrushing; gender differences; dental attendance; dental health attitudes; knowledge of dental health
MDPI and ACS Style

Sakalauskienė, Ž.; Vehkalahti, M.M.; Murtomaa, H.; Mačiulskienė, V. Factors Related to Gender Differences in Toothbrushin g Among Lithuanian Middle-Aged University Employees. Medicina 2011, 47, 25.

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