Factors Related to Gender Differences in Toothbrushin g Among Lithuanian Middle-Aged University Employees
Material and Methods. A questionnaire survey was anonymously conducted among 35- to 44-year-old employees (n=862) of four universities in Lithuania in 2005. The response rate was 64% (n=553). Data covered toothbrushing frequency, habitual dental attendance, dental health attitudes and knowledge, and subject’s background information.
Results. Of all respondents, 68% reported brushing their teeth more than once a day (73% of women and 49% of men, P<0.001) and 51% indicated checkup-based habitual dental attendance (54% of women and 41% of men, P=0.012). The majority reported good dental status as being important to them and poor oral health as injurious to general health. Of all respondents, 44% indicated that “Lack of time is the main reason for incomplete oral self-care” (61% of men and 40% of women, P<0.001). Logistic regression models showed that the strongest factor affecting toothbrushing frequency was the importance of good dental health to them (OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1–2.4; P=0.02) among women and statement that “Poor oral health can be injurious to general health” (OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.2–5.5; P=0.01) and checkup-based habitual dental attendance (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.0–5.9; P=0.06) among men.
Conclusions. Due to different determinants affecting toothbrushing frequency among men and women, different oral health motivation programs by gender should be developed.
Sakalauskienė, Ž.; Vehkalahti, M.M.; Murtomaa, H.; Mačiulskienė, V. Factors Related to Gender Differences in Toothbrushin g Among Lithuanian Middle-Aged University Employees. Medicina 2011, 47, 25.
Sakalauskienė Ž, Vehkalahti MM, Murtomaa H, Mačiulskienė V. Factors Related to Gender Differences in Toothbrushin g Among Lithuanian Middle-Aged University Employees. Medicina. 2011; 47(3):25.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sakalauskienė, Žana; Vehkalahti, Miira M.; Murtomaa, Heikki; Mačiulskienė, Vita. 2011. "Factors Related to Gender Differences in Toothbrushin g Among Lithuanian Middle-Aged University Employees." Medicina 47, no. 3: 25.