Factors Affecting Self-Eruption of Displaced Permanent Maxillary Canines
Materials and Methods. The study sample included 50 patients (mean age, 13.5 years [SD, 2.2]) with unilaterally displaced unerupted maxillary canines. Deciduous canines were extracted, and the space for displaced canine was created at the beginning of the study. The follow-up period for the spontaneous eruption was 12 months. The initial vertical, horizontal, labio-palatal position and angle of inclination to the midline of the displaced canine were assessed on panoramic radiographs.
Results. Only 42% of displaced canines erupted spontaneously within one-year period (52.9% of labially displaced canines and 36.4% of palatally displaced canines). A significant difference of inclination was determined between spontaneously erupted and unerupted teeth in the labially displaced canine group (P<0.01), with no difference in the palatally displaced canine group. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the critical angle of inclination for the spontaneous eruption of the retained canine was 20º (sensitivity 0.759; specificity 0.571; P<0.05). The majority of unerupted canines (75.9%) were inclined more than 20º. The initial height of canine was crucial for spontaneous eruption (sensitivity 0.966; specificity 0.81; P<0.001). This was true for both palatal and labial cases.
Conclusions. The initial vertical position of the labially and palatally displaced canines and the inclination of the labially displaced canines were the most important predictors for spontaneous eruption of the cuspid.
Smailienė, D.; Šidlauskas, A.; Lopatienė, K.; Guzevičienė, V.; Juodžbalys, G. Factors Affecting Self-Eruption of Displaced Permanent Maxillary Canines. Medicina 2011, 47, 22.
Smailienė D, Šidlauskas A, Lopatienė K, Guzevičienė V, Juodžbalys G. Factors Affecting Self-Eruption of Displaced Permanent Maxillary Canines. Medicina. 2011; 47(3):22.Chicago/Turabian Style
Smailienė, Dalia; Šidlauskas, Antanas; Lopatienė, Kristina; Guzevičienė, Vesta; Juodžbalys, Gintaras. 2011. "Factors Affecting Self-Eruption of Displaced Permanent Maxillary Canines." Medicina 47, no. 3: 22.