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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
Open AccessArticle

Mortality of Children Under Five and Prevalence of Newborn Congenital Anomalies in Relation to Macroeconomic and Socioeconomic Factors in Latvia

1
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
2
Centre of Health Economics, Riga, Latvia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2011, 47(12), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina47120098
Received: 10 May 2011 / Accepted: 29 December 2011 / Published: 3 January 2012
Background. Mortality of infants and children younger than 5 years is a globally recognized and broad national welfare indicator. Scientific literature has data on the correlation of mortality indicators with macroeconomic indicators. It is important to study the associations between prevalence and mortality indicators and socioeconomic factors, since deaths from congenital anomalies account for approximately 25%–30% of all deaths in infancy. The aim of the study was to analyze the overall trend in mortality of infants and young children aged 0 to 4 years in relation to macroeconomic factors in Latvia and prevalence of congenital anomalies in newborns in relation to socioeconomic factors.
Material and Methods.
The Newborns’ Register and Causes of Death Register were used as data sources; data on specific socioeconomic factors were retrieved from the Central Statistics Office.
Results.
The results of the study show a strong correlation between mortality in children younger than 5 years and gross domestic product, as well as health budget in LVL per capita and the national unemployment level. The average decrease in infant mortality from congenital anomalies in Latvia was found to be 6.8 cases per 100 000 live births.
Conclusions. There is a strong correlation between child mortality and socioeconomic situation in the country. There is a need to analyze the data on child mortality in a transnational context on a regular basis and studying the correlations between child mortality indicators and socioeconomic indicators and health care management parameters.
Keywords: mortality of children under five; infant mortality; macroeconomic factors; congenital anomalies; correlation mortality of children under five; infant mortality; macroeconomic factors; congenital anomalies; correlation
MDPI and ACS Style

Ebela, I.; Zile, I.; Zakis, A.; Folkmanis, V.; Rumba-Rozenfelde, I. Mortality of Children Under Five and Prevalence of Newborn Congenital Anomalies in Relation to Macroeconomic and Socioeconomic Factors in Latvia. Medicina 2011, 47, 98.

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